On Trump’s Latin America team: One man in, another one out – Global Americans

Global Americans has been following the Latin Americanists lining up to work in the Trump Administration.

Two new changes this week to Trump’s Latin America team. On Tuesday September 10, President Donald Trump announced that he had asked for, and received, National Security Advisor John Bolton’s resignation. Making the announcement on Twitter, Trump noted that the reason for the firing was that he, along with others in his administration, “disagreed strongly with many of [Bolton’s] suggestions.” Then on Wednesday and Thursday, Trump added that Bolton had made mistakes during his time as National Security Advisor and on topics like Cuba and Venezuela had held the him back. Bolton was appointed as the Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs on April 9, 2018.

On Thursday, September 12, the State Department announced that Ambassador Michael Kozak would take over as acting Assistant Secretary for the Western Hemisphere, a month after Kimberly Breier resigned. Kozak is considered to be a staunch defender of human rights. In 1991 he wrote a cable to then Assistant Secretary of State for inter-American Affairs Bernie Aronson with six different options—the most radical included the snatching of General Manuel Contreras without the consent of the then democratic Chilean government—for seeking justice against Contreras who was the head of DINA secret police during Augusto Pinochet’s dictatorship in Chile.

Below you can read more on Bolton and Kozak’s backgrounds, as well as about the other Latin Americanists (or migration affairs-related appointments) who are in the Trump administration, are reputed to be in the queue or who have left—all listed in alphabetical order.

Elliott Abrams 

On January 25th, 2019, U.S. State Secretary Mike Pompeo announced the appointment of Elliot Abrams as special envoy for Venezuela. Abrams will be joining the State Department’s team committed to “help the Venezuelan people fully restore democracy and prosperity to their country.”

After the announcement, Abrams accompanied Secretary Pompeo to the UN Security Council, where the United States requested a long overdue meeting to urge other nations to support Venezuela’s democratic transition.

Abrams has a long history in U.S. foreign policy. Abrams has often expressed hawkish views on foreign policy matters, but in numerous occasions has also urged countries to support human rights around the world and has even been critical of the Trump administration.

Abrams held multiple positions at the State Department under President Ronald Reagan, including assistant secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs, where he was one of the Reagan administration’s fiercest advocates of armed support for Nicaraguan rebels.

Abrams joined the Bush administration in June 2001 as special assistant to the president and senior director of the National Security Council for democracy, human rights, and international organizations where he played a key role in Middle East policy at the time, including supporting the U.S. invasion of Iraq. There were also allegations that he supported a military coup attempt in Venezuela in 2002, damaging the U.S. relationship with the government there after the plot ultimately failed.

From December 2002 to February 2005, he served as special assistant to the president and senior director of the National Security Council for Near East and North African affairs, and served as deputy assistant to the president and deputy national security advisor for global democracy strategy from February 2005 to January 2009. In that capacity, Abrams supervised both the Near East and North African affairs and the democracy, human rights, and international organizations directorates of the National Security Council.

Abrams attended Harvard College, the London School of Economics, and Harvard Law School, and is fluent in both French and Spanish.

Alexander Acosta

On Friday July 12th 2019, Alexander Acosta announced he would step down as Labor Secretary “amid mounting scrutiny over his role in negotiating a plea deal for financier Jeffrey Epstein,” accused of trafficking charges in New York City and once close to President Donald Trump. 

According to information reported by The Hill and The New York Times, Acosta handed in his resignation alleging he is stepping aside because “he does not want his handling of the Epstein plea agreement to consume the administration.”

Alexander Acosta was confirmed by the U.S. Senate to be Labor Secretary. Previously Acosta was the dean of Florida International University College of Law since 2009. A long-time Republican, he was appointed by President George W. Bush as a member of the National Labor Relations Board from 2002 to 2003. In 2003, he was selected to serve as Assistant Attorney General for Civil Rights. He was later appointed as federal prosecutor for the Southern District of Florida. Under this position, he prosecuted high-level defendants, such as Jack Abramoff for fraud, Jose Padilla for terrorism, Charles “Chuckie” Taylor Jr. for torture, and the founders of the Cali Cartel founders.

Mr. Acosta started his career as law clerk to Justice Samuel A. Alito, Jr., who back then was a judge on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. After that, he was a lawyer for Kirkland & Ellis and taught at the George Mason School of Law.

Mr. Acosta is also the Chairman of U.S. Century Bank, a Hispanic community bank in Florida. The Hispanic Business Magazine has twice named him one of the 50 most influential Hispanics in the U.S.

Acosta earned his undergraduate degree from Harvard College and a J.D. from Harvard Law School.

Helen Aguirre Ferré

Helen Aguirre Ferré, originally from Miami, FL, was appointed special assistant to the president and director of media affairs of the White House in January 2017. In June 2016, during the presidential campaign, Aguirre Ferré was named Hispanics communications Director for the Republican National Committee. Before that, she served as senior adviser to Jeb Bush’s presidential campaign.   Most recently in an interview with the Spanish news agency EFE, Aguirre said that U.S. President Donald Trump believes that Cuba, “with all the things it has been given,” has not made any “concessions” within the process of normalization of bilateral relations.  During the electoral campaign she was a harsh critic of Donald Trump and posted several tweets questioning the candidate. Many of those tweets have since been deleted. During an interview with Al Punto Florida, a show aired in Univision, she stated that she thought “there’s something that bothers him about strong and independent women.”

A seasoned journalist, Ms. Aguirre Ferré was a regular columnist to the Miami Herald and until 2015 she hosted a TV show called Issues with Helen Ferré on public television’s WPBT 2. She was also the host of Zona Política con Helen Aguirre a two-hour Spanish-language radio show in Univision America Radio. She has been a regular guest on PBS News Hour, CNN Headline News, NBC6 Miami, Newsmax, Univision and Telemundo networks, among others.

Ms. Aguirre serves in the Board of Trustees of Miami Dade College. In 2016, she co-founded CODeLLA, an entrepreneurship/coding immersion program for middle school Hispanic girls in underserved communities.

Ms. Aguirre Ferré earned a B.A. in Political Science from Barry University in Miami Shores and an M.A. in Iter American Studies from the University of Miami, Coral Gables.

John Barsa

Originally from Miami, FL, Barsa served on the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) transition team. He is the founder and principal of Barsa Strategies, a firm providing a full spectrum of consulting and lobbying services related to homeland and national security. In 2011, he ran for Virginias 44th district seat on the Republican Party ticket. He lost to Democrat Scott Surovell 39 percent to 58 percent.

Under the administration of President George W. Bush, Barsa was the first director of the Department of Homeland Security Public Liaison Office, where he worked with the Department’s Secretaries Tom Ridge and Michael Chertoff. Prior to working at DHS, Mr. Barsa served at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) for Administrator Sean O’Keefe, re-establishing a permanent, formal industry-liaison function.    Mr. Barsa arrived at NASA from the Aerospace Industries Association (AIA) where he served as a senior lobbyist and manager for international relations.  AIA represents the nation’s leading manufacturers and suppliers of civil, military, and business aerospace products.

Previous to becoming a lobbyist for the AIA, Barsa worked for former Florida Republican Congressman, Lincoln Diaz-Balart. Mr. Barsa served his country for a decade as a member of the U.S. Army Reserves.  He spent seven of those years with the 11th Special Forces Group where he was a communications specialist.  After his time with the Special Forces, Mr. Barsa served as a member of the 450th Civil Affairs Battalion, a Special Forces unit attached to the 82nd Airborne Division. He received his B.A. in International Relations from Florida International University (FIU).

Robin Bernstein

Bernstein was sworn-in as Ambassador to the Dominican Republic on July 3 2018. President Trump announced that he would nominate Robin Bernstein to be the Ambassador of the United States to the Dominican Republic on October 31, 2017. Bernstein is a close associate of President Trump—she is a founding member of the President’s Mar-A-Lago Club—and has no prior experience in the foreign service. The pick has come under fire for potential conflicts of interest because of the Trump Organization’s business interests in the country. Bernstein holds a B.A from American University and an M.B.A. from George Washington University. She speaks basic Spanish.

Robert Blau

Blau is a retired senior foreign service officer. He served as charge daffairs in El Salvador from January 2009 until September 2010 under Ambassador Charles Glazer.  Previous to that he was a senior diplomat at the then-U.S.-Interests Section in Havana and later the deputy director of the Cuba office at the State Department.

John Bolton

On Tuesday September 10, President Donald Trump announced that he had asked for National Security Advisor John Bolton’s resignation. Making the announcement on Twitter, Trump noted that the reason for the firing was that he, along with others in his administration, “disagreed strongly with many of [Bolton’s] suggestions.”

Bolton was appointed as the Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs on April 9, 2018.

As George W. Bush’s Undersecretary of State for Arms Control and International Security, Bolton made statements in 2002 about Cuba allegedly pursuing a biological weapons program, prompting numerous officials from the State Department’s Bureau of Intelligence and Research to publicly disagree with Bolton. Still, in his 2007 memoir “Surrender is Not an Option”, Bolton re-engaged with the subject of Cuba and bioweapons and once again prompted members of the intelligence community to disclaim his statements.

In a January 2018 op-ed published in The Hill, the former UN Ambassador cites a number of security risks in the region. One of them is an indirect reference to Iranian uranium interests in Venezuela. Claims of alleged Iranian uranium interests in Venezuela, though, were never proven in a State Department report on Iran’s influence in the Western Hemisphere and a CSIS report on many of those charges never found any evidence. In addition, Bolton’s op-ed spells Colombia—the country—as Columbia, as in “narcotics empires are taking advantage of the rising chaos to operate in both Columbia and Venezuela.” (Unless, of course, he meant the university, which is a possibility, though Morningside Heights hasn’t been chaotic since the 1980s.)

Bolton also criticizes the Obama-era opening to Cuba saying that the Castro regime resisted making any concessions in response to the policy changes. He also raised the concern that the persistence of the Castro regime—even after Raúl steps down—could lead to a greater role for Russia in supporting the decrepit government. It is larger threat, Bolton argues for the region, saying—with almost hope—that “Russian meddling in Latin America could inspire Trump to reassert the Monroe Doctrine (another casualty of the Obama years) and stand up for Cuba’s beleaguered people (as he is now for Iran’s).” The full article is available here.

Kimberly Breier

On Wednesday August 7th, 2019, The Washington Post reported that Kimberly Breier, assistant secretary of state for the Western Hemisphere since October 2018, has resigned. 

According to one senior administration official, “Breier had been chastised in a particularly unpleasant recent email chain, by White House policy adviser Stephen Miller, who considered her insufficiently committed to publicly defending last month’s sudden agreement over asylum between President Trump and the government of Guatemala.”

Prior to her naming as Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs, since June 2017, Breier worked for the State Department as a member of policy planning staff covering the Western Hemisphere. Prior to joining the State Department, Breier served as the Director of the US-Mexico Futures Initiative and Deputy Director of the Americas Program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS). She has also served as a director for the Western Hemisphere on the National Security Council Staff.

William Brownfield

According to Foreign Policy, back in 2017, then-Secretary of State Rex Tillerson was considering career diplomat William Brownfield to fill the assistant secretary of state for Western Hemisphere affairs post. But the rumor that he would be stepping down soon from his current post as Assistant Secretary of State for the Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, was true. After 40 years in the Foreign Service Brownfield retired this year. At the time, Francisco Palmieri served as Acting Assistant Secretary for the Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs.

Ambassador William Brownfield held the Rank of Career Ambassador, the highest Rank in the U.S. Foreign Service. In 2011, he was appointed Assistant Secretary of State for the Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, a position that without a doubt increases his chances of filling the post, given his extensive experience in dealing with illicit drugs, organized crime, law enforcement and rule of law.

Brownfield has also served as U.S. ambassador to Chile, Venezuela and Colombia and as Political Advisor to U.S. Southern Command. Known for his humorous style and big personality (what could be described as diplomacy by disarming goofiness), Brownfield is a seasoned diplomat and has served in some of the most difficult posts in the hemisphere and done so ably.

The Ambassador has received the Secretary of State’s Distinguished Service Award and the Presidential Performance Award three times. Ambassador Brownfield is a graduate of Cornell University and the National War College. He also attended the University of Texas School of Law and speaks Spanish and French.

Leah Campos

From 2015 to January 2019 Leah Campos was a senior advisor for the House Committee on Foreign Affairs. Before being a senior advisor, she worked as a staff member for the Committee and Staff Director for the Western Hemisphere subcommittee. In 2012, she unsuccessfully ran for office, campaigning in the Republican primary to represent the 9th district of Arizona in the House of Representatives. Her main campaign promises were to limit public expenditure, increase national security and defense, repeal Obamacare, secure the border and limit immigration, and ban abortions.

Before joining politics, she worked at the Central Intelligence Agency for 14 years as an operations officer of the National Clandestine Service in Western Europe and Latin America. She has a Bachelor’s degree from Arizona State University in political science and government and a Master’s degree in public and international affairs from the University of Pittsburgh.

Mauricio Claver-Carone

In August 2018, Mauricio Claver-Carone took over as NSC director for Western Hemisphere.

Claver-Carone was born in Florida and raised in Madrid, Spain. He was a co-founder and director of the U.S. Cuba Democracy Political Action Committee (USCD PAC), one of the most active pro-embargo groups in Washington. The group’s objective is to raise funds to support congressmen and women that oppose economic measures that directly or indirectly finance the Cuban government and that are committed to supporting legislation seeking to strengthen support for Cuba’s opposition. According to the Federal Electoral Commission records, the USCD PAC (Committee ID: C00387720) spent around $680,000 in the most recent elections, and donated to the campaigns of Republican Senator Marco Rubio and Representative Carlos Curbelo, and Democratic Representative Debbie Wasserman Schultz. In 2006, a watchdog group alleged that USCD PAC broke Federal Election Commission regulations by having illegal links to a nonprofit 501 (c) (3) organization that he also directed the Cuba Democracy Advocates in Washington, D.C., a non-partisan organization with the stated objective of promoting human rights, democracy and the rule of law in Cuba.

Despite having a long career as an advocate for stricter U.S. policy toward Cuba, Claver-Carone has never visited the island. Before reaching the U.S. government in 2017 had no policy experience working with other countries in the region, beyond lobbying for tougher U.S. policy towards the Chávez/Maduro governments in Venezuela as they related to their ties to the Castro regime in Cuba.

Claver-Carone was also the Editor of Capitol Hill Cubans, a pro-embargo blog on U.S. policy towards Cuba, and has served as host of the foreign policy show “From Washington Al Mundo” on Sirius-XM’s Channel 153. His writings have been featured in several publications including: The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, Politico, The Hill, The Huffington Post, The Georgetown Journal of International Law, and the Yale Journal of International Affairs. He was a harsh critic of Obama’s normalization policy and stated that it has worsened the situation by arguing that political arrests have intensified; Cuban migration to the U.S. has increased; internet connectivity has declined; and there are fewer self-employed people on the island. [Editor’s note: those arrests have continued and even increased under Trump’s policy and the latter two claims are demonstrably false.]

He has provided expert testimony before the U.S. House of Representative’s Committees on Foreign Affairs, the Judiciary and Natural Resources. In March 2016 he testified before the Terrorism, Nonproliferation and Trade Subcommittee of the U.S. House of Representatives on how Obama’s changes on trade policy towards Cuba have actually provided more cash in advance to the regime while actually decreasing the agricultural exports from the United States.

As an attorney, he served with the U.S. Department of the Treasury and he was a full-time faculty member of Catholic University of America’s School of Law and an adjunct faculty member at the National Law Center at George Washington University.

Claver-Carone earned his Bachelor of Arts degree from Rollins College (in Winter Park, FL), JD from Catholic University of America and a Master of Laws (LL.M.) in International and Comparative Law from Georgetown University Law Center.

Juan Cruz

In August 2018, Juan Cruz was replaced as NSC director for Western Hemisphere by Mauricio Claver-Carone. Cruz has been a foreign service officer since July 1986 according to LinkedIn. He received a Bachelor’s from Georgetown University and a Master’s from The John Hopkins University- Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS).

Dr. Craig Deare

In February 17, 2017, Craig Deare was dismissed from his new position as the Senior Director for the Western Hemisphere at the National Security Council (NSC). Nevertheless, this is what we know about the dearly departed Dr. Deare. A professor, Dr. Deare has served on the faculty at the National Defense University since January, 2001 and is currently the Dean of Administration at the College of International Security Affairs (CISA). He joined CISA in March 2010, after more than nine years at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS). At the CHDS, Dr. Deare was the Dean of Academic Affairs from 2004 to 2007.

Dr. Deare served in the U.S. Army for 20 years, with a variety of assignments specializing in military intelligence and Latin America foreign area officer. He retired from the army as a Lieutenant Colonel and is an expert on Mexico. Dr. Deare won an American Political Science Association (APSA) Congressional Fellowship, and served as a Legislative Assistant for National Security Affairs for Florida Senator Bob Graham (D). Following his tour on Capitol Hill, he spent time as a Congressional Liaison Officer in the Army’s Office of Legislative Liaison and as the Chief of the Plans and Operations Branch of the Programs Division.

Dr. Deare has published in a number of academic and policy focused journals. His publications include: “Security Implications of Drug Legalization in the U.S. and Mexico,” in The State and Security in Mexico: Transformation and Crisis in Regional Perspective “Strategic Forum, Number 243; “Relaciones de defensa Mexico-Estados Unidos” in Atlas de la Seguridad y la Defensa de Mexico 2009; “Improving U.S. Defense Structure for the Western Hemisphere” in Joint Forces Quarterly; and “La militarización en América Latina y el papel de Estados Unidos” in Foreign Affairs Latinoamérica. He also has a forthcoming book, due out in March 2017, on U.S.-Mexico relations.

Dr. Deare received his B.A. in Political Science and earned his M.A. and Ph.D. in International Relations and International Economics from the Paul Nitze School of Advanced International Studies of The Johns Hopkins University. He is also a graduate of the U.S. Marine Corps University’s Command and General Staff College.

Kenneth T. Cuccinelli II

On June 10, 2019, Ken Cuccinelli began his duties as the new director of U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, the agency the runs the country’s legal immigration system.

According to the Washington Post, Cuccinelli is a conservative firebrand disliked by senior GOP figures, including Senate leader Mitch McConnell. But if confirmed, Cuccinelli will step up at the forefront of Trump’s plans to overhaul the country’s immigration system, along with Trump senior adviser Stephen Miller and Jared Kushner, the president’s son-in-law, the latter leading a White House effort to reorient the agency toward a “merit-based” immigration model that will prioritize job skills over family ties.

Cuccinelli would replace L. Francis Cissna, head of United States Citizenship and Immigration Services, who has submitted to pressure to step down.

In 2013, Cuccinelli ran for Governor of Virginia as the Republican nominee, but lost 47-45. In 2009, he ran for, and was elected as, Virginia’s Attorney General with 58% of the vote. As reported by the site Freedom Works, as Attorney General, Cuccinelli actively defended the Commonwealth against federal government overreach. Such actions included filing the first lawsuit challenging the constitutionality of ObamaCare, as well as successfully arguing against the EPA’s creative definition of rain water as pollution under the Clean Water Act.

Prior to his position as attorney general, in 2002, Cuccinelli entered and won the special election to fill the Virginia State Senate seat in the 37th District. He was re‐elected in 2003 and went on to serve a third term in 2007.

Cuccinelli holds a B.S. in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Virginia, a J.D. degree from George Mason University School of Law (now the Antonin Scalia Law School), and a M.A. in International Commerce and Policy from George Mason University.

Carlos E. Diaz-Rosillo

Carlos E. Diaz-Rosillo, originally from Miami, FL, served as the Director of Policy and Interagency Coordination in the Office of the Senior Advisor to the President for Policy from 2017 to June 2018. That wasn’t the first time Diaz-Rosillo has worked with the Trump team, he has served on Trump’s transition team as an “Executive Authority Advisor.” Previous to his new role, Diaz-Rosillo was a government lecturer and Dunster House resident dean at Harvard University and former visiting professor at Florida International University. Diaz-Rosillo has reportedly been a faculty member at Harvard for over eight years. His research focuses on the American presidency and examines the different instruments of power that chief executives have at their disposal to affect policy. Diaz-Rosillo was also on the executive board of the University of St. Thomas School of Law’s International ADR Research Network. He holds undergraduate degrees in international relations (BA) and civil engineering (BSCE) from Tufts University, as well as a masters in public policy, and a PhD in government from Harvard University.

Dr. Richard Downie

Richard Downie has served as Director of Global Security and Innovative Strategies (GSIS), has been a Principal at Delphi Strategic Consulting since June 2013. He served as the director of the Perry Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies from March 2004 to March 2013.

Dr. Downie has over 35 years of experience leading military, civilian government and private sector organizations. As Director (SES-3 level), he led courses, seminars and conferences, as well as security dialogues and strategy workshops for ministries of defense and cabinet-level national leaders. He has held a wide variety of command and staff positions as an Infantryman and a Foreign Area Officer specializing in Latin America. Dr. Downie served in Germany; Colombia, where he completed the LANCERO (International Ranger) School as the distinguished graduate; U.S. Army South in Panama; the United States Southern Command; the U.S. Joint Staff; the Multinational Specialized Unit in Bosnia; and in Mexico as the Defense and Army Attaché. He was also the first commander of the Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation (WHINSEC) at Ft. Benning, Georgia.

In the private sector, he has served as strategist and business developer for defense and security programs and is a frequent commentator and analyst on international affairs for both English and Spanish language media outlets. Dr. Downie authored the book, Learning from Conflict: The U.S. Military in Vietnam, El Salvador and the Drug War (Greenwood Press) in 1998 and has written numerous scholarly articles. He has a variety of U.S. military, as well as foreign awards presented by the governments of Colombia, Peru and Mexico.

He has a bachelor’s degree from the U.S. Military Academy, West Point, and a M.A and Ph.D. in International Relations from University of Southern California.

John Feely 

The United States Ambassador to Panama, John Feely, a nominee of President Obama and a career diplomat who also worked under Secretaries of State Colin Powell and Condoleezza Rice, stepped down from his post on January 12, 2018. Ambassador Feely cited the policies of the Trump administration in his resignation letter, saying he could no longer “serve faithfully the president and his administration in an apolitical fashion.” Prior to serving in the foreign service, Ambassador Feely served in the Marine Corps as a helicopter pilot. 

Michael J. Fitzpatrick 

Fitzpatrick is the United States Ambassador to Ecuador. On August 16th, 2018, President Trump announced his nomination. Fitzpatrick has served as a foreign service officer since 1988. He has previously served as the interim U.S. Permanent Representative to the Organization of American States, Deputy Chief of Mission and Charge d’Affaires at the U.S. Embassy in Lima, Foreign Policy Advisor to a four-star member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and Deputy Chief of Mission and Charge d’Affaires at the U.S. Embassy in Asunción. He holds a B.A. from Georgetown University and a M.I.A. from Columbia University. Fitzpatrick speaks French and Spanish fluently.

Andrew Gellert

Andrew Gellert is the United States Ambassador to Chile, and was nominated by The White House in January, 2018. Gellert was President of Gellert Global Group, a food-importing business. He also serves as Treasurer of Atalanta Corporation, Senior Vice President of Camerican International, and Chairman of the Association of Food Industries.

Gellert has deep financial ties with the Kushner family. Andrew Gellert is the son of George Gellert, a close friend of Jared Kusnher’s father, Charles Kushner. The two families have a deep web of financial connections in real estate, media and banking, one of them the families’ biggest real estate deal: 666 Fifth Avenue.

Andrew Gellert has no diplomatic experience and speaks only basic Spanish. However, he has done business in Chile since at least 1999, when his family purchased J.F. Braun & Sons and Cameraman International from ConAgra Inc. In 2008, Gellert Group formed Andes Quality SA with Australia’s Agracom and in 2016 it purchased KHI International Trade, a food-sourcing company with a Chilean office. He earned his B.S. from Cornell University.

Charles Glazer

Originally from Greenwich, CT, Ambassador Glazer served as a non-career Ambassador to El Salvador from 2006 to 2009 under the administration of George W. Bush. Prior to that Ambassador Glazer was President and Chief Executive Officer of C. L. Glazer & Company, Inc. a brokerage and investment banking firm in Greenwich, Connecticut that he founded in 1981. Before establishing C. L. Glazer & Company, Mr. Glazer was a Senior Vice President and Director of Jefferies & Company and served as Senior Vice President of Blyth Eastman Dillion & Co., Inc., an investment bank and institutional brokerage firm in New York City.

Mr. Glazer served his country as an officer in the U.S. Army from 1965 to 1967 and was attached to the 502nd Military Intelligence Battalion in Seoul, South Korea. Ambassador Glazer received a B.S. in Finance from the University of Virginia and has served on a number of boards.

Philip Goldberg

On August 1, 2019, Philip Goldberg was confirmed as Ambassador of Colombia by the U.S. Senate. In May 2019, President Trump announced his intent to nominate Goldberg as Ambassador.

As reported by Global Americans, in late 2017, Goldberg was named to head the U.S. embassy in Havana. Goldberg took up the post as charge d’affaires. Goldberg also served as the US ambassador to Bolivia for two years before its leftwing president, Evo Morales, accused him of fomenting dissent in 2008 and ordered him to leave the country. Goldberg will likely back U.S. ally Colombia’s push to oust Nicolás Maduro, the embattled president of neighboring Venezuela.

Prior to his assignment in Havana, Goldberg was most recently the United States Ambassador to the Philippines from December 2013 to November 2016. From June 2010 to 2013 Goldberg was the Assistant Secretary of State for Intelligence and Research.

Goldberg has served as Ambassador to Bolivia from 2006 to 2008. On September 11, 2008 President Evo Morales expelled Goldberg from the country, accusing him of spying on Bolivian nationals and fomenting civil unrest. The accusations against Goldberg came after he met with then-governor of Bolivia’s richest province, Santa Cruz, which wanted autonomy and had threatened secession from Bolivia.

He has also served as Chief of Mission in Pristina from 2004 to 2006, and Deputy Chief of Mission at the U.S. Embassy in Santiago, Chile from 2001 to 2002. From 1996 to 1998 Goldberg served as a Special Assistant and then from 1998 to 2000 as an Executive Assistant to Deputy Secretary of State Strobe Talbott. And from 1994 to 1996 he was the Department’s Bosnia Desk Officer.

Goldberg earned his B.A. from Boston University and speaks fluent Spanish.

Ronald Douglas Johnson

In October 2018, Ronald Johnson was nominated by President Donald Trump to serve as U.S. Ambassador to El Salvador. However, in obedience to the current laws of the Senate, Johnson’s proposal was returned to the Executive on January 3, and later delayed after the month long government shutdown.

In March 2019, the confirmation process resumed with a hearing at the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. In such hearing, Mr. Johnson spoke of the importance of working together with the newly elected government to fight the transnational crime affecting El Salvador. According to La Prensa Gráfica, Mr. Johnson also said that if he succeeds Amb. Jean Manes, he will seek to promote reestablishing the country’s diplomatic ties with Taiwan. El Salvador and China established ties August 21 in an agreement that was negotiated “under the table”—according to deputies of the Legislative Assembly—and that affected the productive sectors that were attached to the Free Trade Agreement with Taiwan.

Ronald Johnson, has served the United States government for over three decades, first as an officer in the U.S. Army, and then as a member of the intelligence community. At present, Mr. Johnson is the Central Intelligence Agency’s Science and Technology Liaison to the U.S. Special Operations Command, in Tampa, Florida.

Previously, he was Special Advisor to the U.S. Southern Command (2013 – 2107) in Miami managing collaboration between the Command and the Intelligence Community, the State Department, the CDC, the FBI, the Department of Homeland Security, USAID and others. He had substantive engagement on a wide range of regional issues including refugees, counter-narcotics, counter terrorism, human rights and tropical virus disease control. He lived in Latin America for over five years and traveled extensively throughout the region.

Mr. Johnson also held various other assignments, including as the Deputy Special Advisor to the Commander, U.S. Special Operations Command (2006 – 2008) and as a senior advisor at CIA headquarters, Langley, VA. Mr. Johnson served in the U.S. Army from 1984 to 1998 and retired as a Colonel. Prior to that, he had served in the Alabama Army National Guard, enlisting as a private in 1971 and reaching the rank of Captain before going on to active duty in the Army in 1984.

Mr. Johnson earned his B.S. from the University of the State of New York, and his M.S. from the National Intelligence University. He is the recipient of numerous awards for his service, and is fluent in Spanish.

General John F. Kelly

In December, 2018, General John F. Kelly resigned as President Donald Trump’s chief of staff. Kelly had succeeded Reince Priebus as White House Chief of Staff on July 31, 2017. During Kelly’s time at the White House, the president’s innermost circle contained someone with significant experience in the region.

Having earned a masters in National Security Studies from Georgetown, General Kelly has a long history of work in the region during his 30 plus year career in the U.S. Marine Corps.

In 2012, President Obama appointed General Kelly as Commander of the United States Southern Command. During his tenure, General Kelly was noted for his opposition to President Obama’s desire to close Guantanamo and his conservative stance on the border with Mexico.  In private, General Kelly embraced the Obama-era changes to Cuba, and in a 2013 terrorism report, SOUTHCOM Commander Kelly downplayed concerns about the Iranian influence writing “the Iranian regime has increased its diplomatic and economic outreach across the region with nations like Venezuela, Bolivia, Ecuador and Argentina [but] the outreach has only been marginally successful… and the region as a whole has not been receptive to Iranian efforts.”  Lately, though, his concerns have increased.

On other issues, General Kelly has struck a more moderate tone. He often frames issues of drug flows over the Mexican border in terms of the impact on Central American societies. And he has spoken about how declining U.S. influence in the region has left a gap that countries like Russia and China are eager to fill.

Michael Kozak 

Ambassador Michael Kozak is a charter member of the career Senior Executive Service of the United States Government. While he currently serves as the acting Assistant Secretary for Western Hemisphere Affairs, he was formally the Senior Bureau Official for Democracy, Human Rights and Labor from 2017 to 2019. Prior to that he served as a Senior Adviser to the Assistant Secretary for Democracy, Human Rights and Labor. During his time as Senior Director on the National Security Council staff from 2005 to 2009, he was responsible for Democracy, Human Rights, International Organizations, Migration and Detainee issues. In this capacity, he chaired interagency policy coordinating committees and proposed and coordinated the implementation of events for the President of the United States.

In 1991, during his time as Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State in the inter-American Affairs Bureau, Kozak wrote a cable to then Assistant Secretary of State for inter-American Affairs Bernie Aronson detailing six different options for seeking justice against General Manuel Contreras, head of the DINA secret police during Augusto Pinochet’s dictatorship in Chile. Contreras was responsible for ordering the 1976 car bombing in Washington that killed leftist former Ambassador Orlando Letelier and an American aide. The radical of the six options was to secretly snatch Contreras without the consent of the then democratic Chilean government. However, Kozak did warn the option was “extremely dangerous.”

Kozak has served as acting Assistant Secretary of State in different bureaus for extended periods. As Acting Assistant Secretary for Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, he organized passage of a resolution on human rights in Cuba in the UN Commission on Human Rights. As Acting Assistant Secretary for Inter-American Affairs, he assisted Secretary Baker in negotiating and implementing the Bipartisan Accord on Central America which was decisive in bringing a democratic end to the conflict in Nicaragua. He was Ambassador to Belarus from 2000 to 2003, and Chief of Mission in Havana, Cuba from 1996 to 1999.

Kozak received his J.D. and A.B. in Political Science from the University of California at Berkeley.

Christopher Landau

On August 12, 2019, Christopher Landau was sworn-in as U.S. Ambassador to Mexico. After administration sources revealed to Global Americans in November 2018 that Christopher Landau would be the next U.S. Ambassador to Mexico—a post that has been empty since Obama appointee Roberta Jacobson left the role in May 2018—on August 1, 2019, the U.S. Senate finally confirmed Landau as U.S. Ambassador to Mexico. 

On March 18, 2019, the White House announced that it would nominate several key administration posts. Among them was the nomination of Christopher Landau to be Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the United States of America to the United Mexican States.

Mr. Landau is a constitutional and appellate attorney who has briefed and argued appeals before the United States Supreme Court, Federal courts of appeals, and State appellate courts. He is a partner in the law firm of Quinn Emanuel Urquhart & Sullivan LLP and previously headed the appellate litigation practice at the firm of Kirkland & Ellis LLP.

In 2017, the Chief Justice appointed Mr. Landau to a three-year term as a member of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Appellate Rules. Earlier in his career, Mr. Landau was a law clerk for United States Supreme Court Justices Antonin Scalia and Clarence Thomas.

Though his father, George Landau, served as U.S. Ambassador to Paraguay (1972-77), Chile (1977-82), and Venezuela (1982-85), Landau himself has no prior experience in the foreign service.

Mr. Landau earned his A.B. degree, summa cum laude, from Harvard College, where he received a Certificate in Latin American Studies, and his J.D. degree, magna cum laude, from Harvard Law School. He is fluent in Spanish.

Joseph E. Macmanus

Early in 2019, President Donald Trump dropped Macmanus as his nominee for Ambassador to Colombia. Macmanus’ nomination had been repeatedly blocked by Senate conservatives Mike Lee and Ted Cruz.

Macmanus has been serving as the Executive Secretary of the State department since 2014, and prior to that was the U.S. Representative to the United Nations Office in Vienna and the International Atomic Energy Agency.

Holding the rank of Minister Counselor, Macmanus has served as the Executive Assistant to Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and from June 2008 to January 2009, in the same capacity, under Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice. From April 2011 to May 2012, Macmanus was the Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Legislative Affairs, managing an office responsible for the Department’s day-to-day relationship with Congress.

Macmanus entered the Foreign Service in 1986 as a Public Diplomacy Officer at the United States Information Agency, and until 2003 served in various positions in Mexico, El Salvador, Poland, and Belgium.

Macmanus received a B.A. in English from the University of Norte Dame and a Masters in Information Science from the State University of New York. If confirmed by the Senate he will replace Ambassador Kevin Whitaker.

Kirsten Madison

Kirsten Madison was confirmed as Assistant Secretary of State by the Senate on April 26, 2018. Previously, Ms. Madison had been Deputy Director and Resident Fellow for foreign and defense policy at the American Enterprise Institute in Washington, D.C.. During a 25-year career in foreign and national security policy, she has worked on issues relating to governance, counter-narcotics, and counter-terrorism for the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, the U.S. Coast Guard, U.S. Department of State, the Organization of American States (OAS), the White House National Security Council, and as a congressional staffer.

In the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, Ms. Madison was a senior professional staff member from 1997-2001, after which she shortly served as senior advisor to former OAS Secretary General Cesar Gaviria in 2002. In April 2006, while she was Deputy Assistant Secretary at the Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs, she visited Nicaragua six months before the presidential elections and urged Nicaraguans to oppose Daniel Ortega and José Rizo, whom she referred to as “two corrupt warlords who represent a return to a dark, selfish and unproductive past.” Ms. Madison holds a B.A. in International Relations from Goucher College and an M.Sc. in Economics and European Studies from the London School of Economics.

Kevin K. McAleenan 

After Kirstjen Nielsen’s resignation on Sunday April 2, 2019, President Donald Trump named Kevin McAleenan—the former Commissioner of Customs and Border Protection—as the acting replacement as Homeland Security Secretary via Twitter.

Kevin K. McAleenan has lengthy experience in U.S. government and border protection. On March 20, 2018, he was sworn Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection. CBP is the largest law enforcement agency and the second-largest revenue collecting source in the federal government.

McAleenan has previously held several leadership positions at CBP and one of its legacy agencies, the U.S. Customs Service. From 2006 to 2008, McAleenan served as the Area Port Director of Los Angeles International Airport. In December 2011, McAleenan was named acting Assistant Commissioner of CBP’s Office of Field Operations.

McAleenan received a 2015 Presidential Rank Award, the nation’s highest civil service award. He also received the Service to America Medal, Call to Service Award, in 2005 for spearheading efforts to develop and implement a comprehensive antiterrorism strategy in the border security context after September 11, 2001.

Mr. McAleenan has been a member of the U.S. Government’s Senior Executive Service since 2006. Prior to government service, Mr. McAleenan practiced law in California. He received his Juris Doctor degree from the University of Chicago Law School and a Bachelor of Arts degree from Amherst College.

M. Lee McClenny

M. Lee McClenny was sworn in as U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Paraguay on February 20, 2018. Since 2014, McClenny has been the Chargé d’Affaires of the U.S. Embassy in Caracas, Venezuela. A career member of the Senior Foreign Service, McClenny began his public service with the U.S. Information Agency in 1986. He has previously served overseas as Deputy Chief of Mission in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Prior to that, McClenny was the Principal Officer in Montreal, Canada and has previously held overseas assignments in Manila, London, Guatemala City, Belgrade, and Ottawa. McClenny has also been assigned to U.S. Department of State roles at the National Security Council; Foreign & Commonwealth Office in London; and at the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in Brussels. He received a B.A. from the University of Washington, and speaks Spanish, French, and some Serbo-Croatian and Russian.

Mark Morgan

After the resignation of Custom and Border Protection (CBP) head, John Sanders in June 2019, President Donald Trump selected immigration hardliner Mark Morgan to lead the agency. Sanders’ resignation comes after public backlash over the treatment and living conditions of migrant children at the country’s southern border and complaints by White House officials that Sanders was not being aggressive enough at the border. 

Morgan had been acting director of the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement for less than two months before Trump tapped him in for the CBP position. In this capacity, Morgan pushed for nationwide deportation raids supported by President Trump. For weeks he had signaled a heightened focus on deporting families from the agency, telling reporters that agents would target more than 2,000 immigrant family members who already had deportation orders. As a Fox News commentator, Morgan has previously defended the president’s decision to declare a national emergency to get funding to expand the southern border wall. 

Toward the end of the Obama administration, Morgan was head of U.S. Border Patrol until President Trump forced him out in 2017. He has remained in the president’s good graces after backing Trump’s aggressive policies on television. A former Marine and Los Angeles police officer, Morgan became a Federal Investigation Bureau special agent in 1996. He stayed at the FBI for over two decades and in 2014, while still at the FBI, joined Customs and Border Protection as the acting assistant commissioner for internal affairs. 

Eliot Pedrosa

In June 2018, Eliot Pedrosa was confirmed by the Senate to be the United States Alternate Executive Director of the Inter-American Development Bank

Pedrosa is a principal shareholder of the international law firm Greenberg Taurig and chairman of the firm’s Miami litigation department. He is also chairman of the Dean’s Advisory Council of the Green School of International and Public Affairs at Florida International University. He was previously appointed by Florida Governor Rick Scott to serve as a member of the Third District Court of Appeal Judicial Nominating Commission, recently completing his term as Vice Chairman. Pedrosa has also served as an attorney in the enforcement division of the Securities and Exchange Commission.

Pedrosa graduated from Harvard Law School and Florida International University.

Sergio de la Peña

Sergio de la Peña is the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for the Western Hemisphere. He has led the de la Peña Consulting, LLC, since June, 2011. Before that, he spent two years at L-3. MPRI, a global provider of private military contractor services, and served as Division Chief of the US Northern Command, according to his Linkedin.

He served as a Trump surrogate during the campaign, reaching out to the Latino community and has said “Trump is not anti-Latino, he is anti-illegal immigration. “You’ll be surprised that there will be a lot of Latinos voting for Trump because of his economic message.”

He received a Bachelor of Science from the University of Iowa and a Master of Military Art and Science (MMAS) at US Army Command and General Staff College.

Jon B. Perdue

Originally from Thomaston, Georgia, in 2017 Jon B. Perdue was named Special Assistant to the Treasury Department. Perdue is a researcher and analyst on issues of international terrorism, human rights, strategic communication, and peripheral asymmetric warfare. He is a senior fellow for strategic research at the Center for a Secure and Free Society, a think tank focused on pursuing a prosperous society based on the shared values of limited government, free enterprise, and strong national security. Previous to that, Perdue has served as Director of Latin American Programs at The Fund for American Studies in Washington D.C. According to his twitter bio, he was also the Director of Fundación Libertad Puerto Rico.

The author of the “War of All the People: The Nexus of Latin American Radicalism and Middle Eastern Terrorism” and contributor to “Iran’s Strategic Penetration of Latin America,” Jon Perdue argues that there is a Venezuelan and Iranian partnership focused on destroying the established order in the developed world (the United States). In one of his articles, co-authored with Otto Reich and published on Breitbart, Perdue again wrote about a Venezuelan-Iranian alliance founded on terrorizing the United States. Many of his allegations were never confirmed by independent sources.

In 2015, Perdue was featured on CNBC’s reality series “Make Me a Millionaire Inventor” for his invention, the Packbow, a bow and arrow that doubles as a compass, tent pole, walking stick, spear fishing rig, and water purification tablet receptacle. According to the website, the Packbow is “the ultimate survival bow created by an expert in guerrilla warfare.”   You can order it here: http://packbow.com

Jon Perdue attended the Senior Military College, University of North Georgia, where he received a degree in Finance, and has served in Georgia’s Army National Guard.

Mike Pompeo

Michael R. Pompeo was sworn in as U.S. Secretary of State on April 26, 2018.

First as a Congressman from Kansas’s 4th congressional district and later as the Director of the CIA, Mr. Pompeo’s hasn’t said or done a lot on Latin America, leaving his views on policy toward the region unclear.

Perhaps more important, though, Pompeo counts with ample public-sector experience, and allegedly has more of a personal relationship with President Trump than his predecessor, Rex Tillerson. Pompeo’s experience in U.S. government may make him more attuned and willing to listen to the career officers in the State Department and their expertise.

In 2011, while serving as representative, Pompeo introduced a bill titled “Build a Fence Now” that proposed constructing additional reinforced fencing along the U.S.-Mexico border, as well as adding additional barriers to the U.S.’s northern and southern borders, significantly increasing the “tunnel task force” budget that targets tunnel smugglers along the border with Mexico.

In 2016, Pompeo wrote an op-ed where he criticized President Obama’s efforts to normalize relations with Cuba and expressed grave concerns over Obama’s desires to close Guantanamo Bay, arguing that transferring prisoners to the U.S. posed grave threats to many areas of the country.

Celina Realuyo

Celina Realuyo is a professor of practice at the William J. Perry Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies at the National Defense University and an adjunct professor of International Affairs at The George Washington University,

From 2002 to 2006, Realuyo served as the Director of Counterterrorism Finance Programs in the U.S. Secretary of State’s Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism in Washington, D.C. After the September 11, 2001 attacks, she returned to government, where she managed a multimillion dollar foreign assistance program aimed at safeguarding financial systems against terrorist financing. Under her stewardship, the U.S. delivered training and technical assistance to over 20 countries (including Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan, and Saudi Arabia), training over 1,800 foreign counterparts, and her team received an “A-” from the 9/11 Commission for their efforts to combat terrorist financing in 2005.

Prior to returning to Washington, Celina was a private banker in London with Goldman Sachs International providing strategic wealth advisory services to the most prominent families in Europe. Previously, she had a distinguished career as a U.S. Foreign Service Officer serving in Madrid, Panama, and the U.S. Mission to NATO in Brussels. In Washington, Celina served at the highest levels of government, in the State Department Operations Center, National Security Council’s White House Situation Room, and as Special Assistant to the Secretary of State.

Celina is a graduate of Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service and holds an M.B.A. from Harvard Business School, M.A. in International Relations from Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), and Certificate from l’Institut d’Etudes Politiques (Sciences Po) in Paris, France.

Tomás Regalado

In June 2018, President Donald Trump appointed Miami former Mayor and self-described Cuba “hardliner” Tomás Regalado as the new director of the Office of Cuba Broadcasting, which oversees Radio and TV Martí that broadcast news and other programs to Cuba. Regalado’s appointment comes after months of advocacy by Senator Marco Rubio.

Prior to his appointment, Regalado hosted the Al mediodía con Tomás Regalado, on Radio Caracol 1260AM. Regalado was elected Miami’s 33rd Mayor on November 3rd, 2009, and was re-elected to a second term in 2013. Prior to holding the mayorship, Regalado was City Commissioner from 1996 to 2009. While he was City Commissioner, Regalado was also the News Director for Spanish Broadcasting Systems, a daily host and commentator on WWFE la Poderosa and a host of a daily news program on the Cable Network TeleMiami.

A former El Miami Herald weekly columnist, Regalado covered the civil war in Nicaragua and El Salvador. In 1983, Regalado became the first Cuban American member of the White House Press Corps and covered Presidents Ronald Reagan, George Bush Sr. and Bill Clinton.

Regalado has worked as a reporter for WLTV Channel 23, La Fabulous, WFAB, and WCKT an NBC affiliate as the Latin American News Editor and host of the news program Tele-Amigo. Regalado attended seminars at the University of Miami Koubek Center for Journalism.

Todd D. Robinson

Career diplomat, Todd. D. Robinson is the Chargé d’Affaires to the embassy in Caracas, Venezuela. Robinson was the former U.S. Ambassador to Guatemala. The decision comes at a critical time for U.S. relations with Venezuela, as the Trump administration has sanctioned dozens of Venezuelans, including President Nicolas Maduro.

For the last three years Robinson has served as the U.S. Ambassador to Guatemala, where he earned a reputation for being tough on corruption. Robinson has been a vocal supporter of the UN backed International Commission against Impunity in Guatemala that has been an effective tool to fight corruption in the country. Prior to his post as ambassador, Robinson served as Deputy Assistant in the Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs. From 2009 to 2011, he served as Deputy Chief of Mission at the U.S. Embassy in Guatemala.

Prior to that, Robinson was Consul General and Principal Officer at the U.S. Consulate in Barcelona, Spain and Chief of the Political and Economic Section in the U.S. Embassy in Tirana, Albania. Robinson’s other postings include the Dominican Republic, Bolivia, Vatican City, Italy, El Salvador and Colombia. He was also a Special Assistant to former Secretary of State Madeleine Albright.

Robinson was a professional journalist before joining the foreign service. He graduated from the Georgetown University Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service in 1985.

Yleem Poblete Sarmiento

as Assistant Secretary of State for Arms Control, Verification, and Compliance on April 30, 2018

Originally from Miami, Florida, Dr. Poblete was sworn in as Assistant Secretary of State for Arms Control, Verification, and Compliance on April 30, 2018. Prior to her nomination she served as a senior advisor at the Department of State and had already worked with Trump as a member of the National Security Council landing team.

In 2013, she co-founded the Poblete Analysis Group with her husband, Jason Poblete. Dr. Poblete is also a Fellow at the Institute for Policy Research and Catholic Studies and guest lecturer at private and public academic institutions.

For almost two decades she worked for the U.S. House of Representatives under different roles. From 2011 to 2013 she was Chief of Staff and Staff Director of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, under Representative Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (Republican from Florida). Previous to that, she served as Minority Staff Director of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs; Staff Director, Subcommittee on the Middle East and Central Asia; Staff Director and, previously, Deputy Staff Director/Professional Staff, Subcommittee on International Operations and Human Rights. She also served on the professional staff of the Subcommittee on International Economic Policy and Trade and the staff of the Subcommittee on Africa, as well as the Vice Chairman of the Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere and the Co-Chairman of the Congressional Inter-American Terrorism Task Force.

During her time at the Foreign Affairs Committee, Mrs. Poblete worked on legislation to impose sanctions to Iran and Syria, halt U.S. funds to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) from contributing to the provision of IAEA technical assistance to Iran, Syria, and North Korea and hold accountable UN peacekeepers involved in sexual assault. In 1996, she also worked on the Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity (Libertad) Act (also known as the Helms–Burton Act), that strengthened the U.S. embargo to Cuba.

She has published pieces in The HillWall Street JournalNational Review Online, National Interest, and Washington Times, among others. She has written about U.S.-Cuban relations, the influence of Iran in Latin America, and the need to impose sanctions on Venezuela. She is a firm believer in the theory that terrorist groups are infiltrating Latin America to target the United States.

Dr. Poblete earned a Ph.D. in World Politics/International Relations from Catholic University of America with dual regional concentrations in the Middle East and Western Hemisphere; a Master of Arts in International Relations from the University of Miami; and a Bachelor of Arts in International Relations from St. Thomas University.

James Story

On Wednesday August 28th 2019, the U.S. State Department announced the opening of the Venezuela Affairs Unit (VAU) under the leadership of Charge d’ Affaires James Story.

As announced by State Secretary Mike Pompeo, the VAU will serve as the interim diplomatic office of the U.S. Government to Venezuela, located at the U.S. Embassy in Colombia, established with bipartisan support from the U.S. Congress. 

James Story was previously the Chargé d’ Affaires, a.i. at the U.S. Embassy in Caracas, Venezuela. He arrived in Caracas in July 2018 from Rio de Janeiro where he served as Consul General.  

His previous assignments include Office Director of the Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL) for the Western Hemisphere, Director of INL Office in Bogota, Colombia, Senior Civilian Representative to in Southeastern Afghanistan, and Political-Economic Chief and Deputy Principal Officer in São Paulo, Brazil.

A career senior Foreign Service Officer, Mr. Story has also served in Brasilia as the Regional Environmental Affairs Director for South America; Washington D.C. in the Office of Marine Conservation in the Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs (OES); Maputo Mozambique as Economic-Political officer; Guadalajara, Mexico as a Consular Officer; and at the U.S. Mission to the United Nations as the Ambassador’s staff assistant.  

He is the recipient of numerous State Department and interagency awards including the Superior and Meritorious Honor Awards, the Department of the Army Superior Civilian Service Award, and the Warren Christopher Award for Outstanding Achievement in Global Affairs.

Mr. Story graduated with a B.A./B.Sc. in interdisciplinary studies from South Carolina College at the University of South Carolina. Story also received a M.Sc. in Foreign Service from Georgetown University. He speaks Portuguese and Spanish. 

Kevin Sullivan

Ambassador Kevin K. Sullivan was confirmed as U.S. Ambassador to Nicaragua on October 11, 2018. President Donald Trump had nominated Sullivan as his choice to be the next U.S. ambassador to Nicaragua in July 2018. His nomination came at a difficult time in Nicaraguan-U.S. relations. The Trump administration sanctioned three top  Nicaraguan officials—including an in-law of Ortega—accusing them of human rights abuses, corruption and ordering attacks on peaceful protestors.

Kevin Sullivan served as Deputy Permanent Representative to the U.S. Permanent Mission to the Organization of American States. From July 2016 through March 2018, he served as the Interim Permanent Representative to the Mission. Prior to returning to D.C., Sullivan served as the Deputy Chief of Mission at the U.S. Embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina and Deputy Chief of Mission at the U.S. Embassy in Lilongwe, Malawi. He served as Chargé d’Affaires ad interim in Buenos Aires from July 2013 until January 2015. A career member of the U.S. Senior Foreign Service, he was posted previously in Argentina from 1997 to 2000. Sullivan has also served as the State Department’s Director of Economic Policy for the Western Hemisphere.

Sullivan’s has broad experience in trade, investment, human rights and development issues. He helped negotiate an “Open Skies” aviation agreement in Argentina and also helped with the U.S.—Chile Free Trade Agreement in 2004. Sullivan earned a B.A. in History at Georgetown University and a master’s Degree in Public Policy from Princeton University. He has received the State Department’s Superior Honor Award twice.

Ana Rosa Quintana

According to sources, Ana Rosa Quintana was reportedly seeking a position as the special advisor in the Latin American Caribbean Bureau at USAID focused on closed countries. That would have given her a direct role in the programs for Cuba, Ecuador and Venezuela and a voice in the White House’s inter-policy council for those countries. Within USAID, though, her role would have been limited until there was a full staff of political appointees, including at the top Mark Green.

Ms. Quitana was born and raised in Miami. Since 2013 she has headed the Heritage Foundation’s work on U.S. policy toward Latin America at the Allison Center for Foreign Policy Studies. She concentrates largely on issues of security cooperation, democratic governance and economic freedom. Quintana has authored policy studies concerning Cuba, Venezuela and Central America and her articles regarding Latin America affairs have appeared in The National Interest, The Federalist, and Diario de las Americas, among others.

Quintana holds a Master of Arts degree in global security studies and a bachelor’s degree in political science, both from Florida International University. She also received certificates in National Security, Latin American and Caribbean studies.

Before joining Heritage in 2013, she was a student trainee at the Defense Intelligence Agency. She also held internships at Virginia-based International Relief and Development, where she worked on rule of law issues in Latin America, and at the U.S. Agency for International Development.

Mercedes “Mercy” Viana Schlapp

Originally from Miami, FL, Viana Schlapp is the co-founder of Cove Strategies, a government and public affairs firm based in Alexandria, Virginia. Previously, she was the Director of Specialty Media for President George W. Bush, heading up President Bush’s Hispanic media operations after working on the president’s 2000 and 2004 campaigns.

She has been a columnist for The Washington Times and was a contributor to U.S. News and World Report.  She also has written for FOXNews.comThe Daily Caller and The Hill on a variety of topics including immigration, Hispanic and women issues as well as on foreign and domestic policies. She provides political commentary for UnivisionTelemundoCNN en Español and national Spanish radio. Viana Schlapp received a B.A. from Florida International University (FIU) and a M.A. from George Washington University.

Thomas A. Shannon, Jr

In February 2018, Thomas A. Shannon, Jr. –current Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs—announced his retirement. Ambassador Shannon said his retirement would not be official until a successor was named to ensure a smooth transition. No replacement has been named, but the Department of State Flag Ceremony for Shannon’s retirement is scheduled for early this June.

With a career spanning over 35 years, Ambassador Shannon is one of the most experienced Latin American hands in the administration.

Prior to his position as the State Department’s No. 3 official, the career Foreign Service Officer served as Counselor of the Department, and briefly as Senior Advisor to the Secretary following his return from Brazil, where he served as United Ambassador for nearly four years. Ambassador Shannon is only the seventh Foreign Service Officer to hold the position of Counselor since World War II, and the first in 32 years.

Prior to his tenure in Brazil, Ambassador Shannon served as Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs from 2005 to 2009. He served as Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Western Hemisphere Affairs at the National Security Council from 2003 to 2005. From 2002 to 2003, he was Deputy Assistant Secretary of Western Hemisphere Affairs at the Department of State, where he was Director of Andean Affairs from 2001 to 2002. He was U.S. Deputy Permanent Representative to the Organization of American States (OAS), with the rank of Ambassador, from 2000 to 2001.

Ambassador Shannon also served as Director of Inter-American Affairs at the National Security Council from 1999 to 2000, as Political Counselor at the U.S. Embassy in Caracas, Venezuela from 1996 to 1999, and as Regional Labor Attache at the U.S. Consulate General in Johannesburg, South Africa from 1992 to 1996.

During his thirty year career as a Foreign Service Officer, Ambassador Shannon also served as Special Assistant to the Ambassador at the U.S. Embassy in Brasilia, Brazil from 1989 to 1992, as Country Officer for Cameroon, Gabon, and Sao Tome and Principe from 1987 to 1989, and as a Consular/Political Rotational Officer at the U.S. Embassy in Guatemala City, Guatemala, from 1984 to 1986.

Ambassador Shannon graduated with high honors from the College of William and Mary in 1980, where he studied government and philosophy. He is a member of Phi Beta Kappa. He received a D. Phil from Oxford University in 1983. He speaks Spanish and Portuguese.

John J. Sullivan

John J. Sullivan was confirmed as Deputy Secretary of State under Secretary Rex Tillerson on May 24, 2017. Mr. Sullivan was previously being considered to be the Pentagon’s general counsel, but is now supposedly in line for the post that Elliot Abrams was once tapped for. While he has served in a variety of positions related to national security, Mr. Sullivan has had some dealings related to Latin America, and Cuba in particular. In his time at the DC offices of the law firm Mayer Brown, where he is a partner, Mr. Brown has advised ”a professional services firm on entering the Cuban market in the wake of the [Obama-era] changes in the US embargo.”

Mr. Brown has held senior positions at the Justice Department during George H. W. Bush’s administration, and at the Defense, and Commerce Departments during George W. Bush’s presidency. In 2007, he was nominated and confirmed by the Senate as U.S. Deputy Secretary of Commerce.

Mr. Sullivan joined Mayer Brown in 1993 where he is the co-chair of the firm’s National Security practice and specializes in the intersection of global trade and investment and US national security and foreign policies. He advised different companies, such as oil and gas, consulting, accounting and financial services firms, and has represented private sector clients before the U.S. and foreign governments. He has also advised a consulting company regarding its compliance with U.S. sanctions in their Russian operations, and helped a chemical company re-establish commercial operations in Iran.

Mr. Sullivan graduated from Columbia University School of Law in 1985 and has a BA in history and political science from Brown University.

Carlos Trujillo

On August 20, 2019, the Miami Herald published an article citing multiple sources had confirmed U.S. ambassador to the Organization of American States Carlos Trujillo is being considered as the next assistant secretary of state for Western Hemisphere affairs.

His possible nomination comes after Kimberly Breier, who currently holds that title, resigned on August 7th, 2019. According a congressional source, Trujillo was mentioned as the only potential replacement for Breier among congressional staffers and officials involved in Western Hemisphere affairs.

Carlos Trujillo was confirmed as U.S. Ambassador to the Organization of American States by the U.S. Senate on March 22, 2018. Mr. Trujillo was nominated by the Trump administration for the post late in 2017, just a few months after he had been named as one of the four U.S. representatives to the United Nations General Assembly. In Florida, Mr. Trujillo held the post of House budget chief in the Florida Legislation and was first elected to his legislative seat in 2010.

Trujillo was an early Trump campaign supporter and in 2016 held campaign events for then president and vice-presidential candidates Trump and Pence in the Miami area. He was not formally interviewed for the position at the OAS but had instead been interviewed for the ambassadorships to Argentina and Panama. Although his nomination was approved, Mr. Trujillo faced questions from Democrats in the Senate Foreign Relations Committee over a bill in the Florida Legislature that proposed to make it a felony for an undocumented immigrant who was previously deported, or facing a deportation, to be present in the state, though he also counted with support from his fellow Florida-area Republican, Senator Marco Rubio who sits on the Foreign Relations Committee.

Mr. Trujillo is a founding partner of Trujillo, Vargas, Gonzalez and Hevia LLP and is president of Carlos Trujillo, PA, since 2007. He received a B.S. from Spring Hill College in Mobile, Alabama and a J.D. from Florida State College of Law in Tallahassee.

Krishna R. Urs

On Wednesday, October 25, 2017 Krishna R. Urs officially began serving as the United States Ambassador to Peru. Having worked in the U.S. Foreign Service for the last 31 years, Ambassador Urs’ was confirmed by the Senate in August. Prior to his current position, Ambassador Urs worked for the State Department in various capacities, including in the staff at the embassies in Bolivia, the Dominican Republic, Peru, Nicaragua, Bangladesh, and Mexico. Most recently, he served as the Deputy Chief of Mission at the U.S. Embassy in Spain from 2014 to 2017. He is a graduate of Georgetown University and holds a masters in economics from the University of Texas.

Major General Ricky L. Waddell

For a few weeks in May of 2017 it like the White House had appointed a replacement to Dr. Craig Deare, the short-lived former Senior Director for the Western Hemisphere at the National Security Council (NSC). But according to a May 8 story, Waddell’s appointment may have become a victim of a battle between NSC Director McMaster and the White House. According to the Bloomberg article, by Eli Lake, McMaster had “failed to seek approval for that pick [Waddell]. Nevertheless, now it looks like Dr. Waddell may have gotten a promotion, to be the deputy director of the NSC, as reported by an updated Bloomberg story.

Dr. Waddell has worked at the National Defense University (NDU), has served in the U.S. armed forces and has a PhD; according to his biography on the NDU website, Dr. Waddell received his doctorate in international relations from Columbia University after graduate degrees from Oxford University as a Rhodes Scholar and from Webster University.

In his time in the armed service, Dr. Waddell rose to the level of major general. His most recent experience as an active duty officer has been as the commander of the 76th Operation Response Command 17 October 2015. The 76th includes two Chemical Brigades (including 8 Chemical Battalions and 29 Chemical Companies), a Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear (CBRN) response Task Force, 13 Army Reserve Elements (ARE) supporting most Combatant Commands and DoD Agencies, and Emergency Preparedness Liaison Officers for all 50 States and 3 territories and all 10 FEMA Regions.

Dr. Waddell has extensive experience in the hemisphere as a civilian. In his civilian career, MG Waddell spent 17 years working in South America, living twelve of those years in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Among other positions, he was the Managing Director for South America for BG Group responsible for oil and gas fields, transport pipelines, and 2.7 million utility customers.  His team discovered more than 5 billion barrel equivalents of oil.  He was also CEO of Anglo Ferrous Brazil which was building the largest integrated mining project in the world.  Most recently, as a DOD civilian, he ran the Keystone, Capstone, and Pinnacle programs at the National Defense University.

Note: A previous version included Major General Ricky L. Waddell, PhD who was to fill the Senior Director position for the Western Hemisphere at the National Security Council (NSC),  but is no longer under consideration. In an earlier version, Elliott Abrams, who was being considered for Deputy Secretary of State, is no longer under consideration. Moreover, a previous version, also included Otto Reich and Carl Meacham, but both Ambassador Reich and Meacham have publicly and privately stated that they are not interested in serving in the Trump administration.

En Global Americans seguimos de cerca los nombramientos, anuncios y personal de la administración del Presidente  Donald Trump asignado a puestos claves en el Hemisferio Occidental.

El martes 25 de junio, el gobierno de Trump anunció a Mark Morgan, como jefe interino de Aduanas y Protección Fronteriza (CBP) después de que el ex-comisionado interino John Sanders renunció en medio de una polémica desatada por las denuncias sobre el tratado de niños migrantes en las instalaciones fronterizas. La renuncia de Sanders y el nombramiento de Morgan se suman al caos en el Departamento de Seguridad Nacional después de que la salida masiva de funcionarios desestabilizo la agencia.

Un político de línea dura y ex colaborador de Fox News, Morgan es actualmente el director interino de la Oficina de Inmigración y Control de Aduanas de los Estados Unidos (ICE). Según el New York Times, la Casa Blanca ordenó al Secretario interino de Seguridad Nacional Kevin McAleenan que reemplazará a Sanders con Morgan, luego de que los funcionarios expresaron su disgusto por el hecho de que Sanders no estuviera lo suficientemente agresivo en la frontera. McAleenan se había resistido a un intento anterior del consejero de Trump, Stephen Miller, de nombrar a Morgan como jefe de CBP.

A continuación, puede leer más sobre los antecedentes de Morgan, así como sobre los otros latinoamericanistas (o nombrados relacionados con asuntos de migración) que están en la administración de Trump o tienen la reputación de estar en la cola – todos enumerados en orden alfabético.

Elliott Abrams 

El 25 de enero de 2019, el secretario de Estado de los Estados Unidos, Mike Pompeo, anunció el nombramiento de Elliot Abrams como enviado especial para Venezuela. Abrams se unirá al equipo del Departamento de Estado comprometido a “ayudar al pueblo venezolano a restaurar la democracia y la prosperidad de su país”.

Después del anuncio, Abrams acompañó al secretario Pompeo al Consejo de Seguridad de la ONU, donde los Estados Unidos solicitó una reunión para instar a otras naciones a apoyar una transición democrática en Venezuela.

Abrams tiene una larga historia en la política exterior de los Estados Unidos. Abrams ha expresado a menudo opiniones acaloradas sobre asuntos de política exterior, pero en numerosas ocasiones también ha instado a los países a apoyar los derechos humanos en todo el mundo e incluso ha sido crítico con la administración de Trump.

Abrams ocupó varios cargos en el Departamento de Estado bajo el presidente Ronald Reagan, incluido el secretario de Estado adjunto para Asuntos del Hemisferio Occidental, donde fue uno de los más fieros defensores del apoyo armado de los rebeldes nicaragüenses en la administración de Reagan.

Abrams se unió a la administración Bush en junio de 2001 como asistente especial del presidente y director principal del Consejo de Seguridad Nacional para la democracia, los derechos humanos y organizaciones internacionales, donde desempeñó un papel clave en la política de Medio Oriente en ese momento, incluido el apoyo a la invasión de Estados Unidos en Irak. También hubo denuncias que Abrams apoyó un intento de golpe militar en Venezuela en 2002, dañando la relación de los Estados Unidos con el gobierno Venezolano después de que la trama fracasara.

Desde diciembre de 2002 hasta febrero de 2005, Abrams se desempeñó como asistente especial del presidente y director principal del Consejo de Seguridad Nacional para los asuntos del Cercano Oriente y África del Norte, y se desempeñó como asistente adjunto del presidente y asesor adjunto de seguridad nacional para la estrategia de democracia global de febrero 2005 a enero de 2009. En esa capacidad, Abrams supervisó los asuntos del Cercano Oriente y África del Norte y las direcciones de democracia, derechos humanos y organizaciones internacionales del Consejo de Seguridad Nacional.

Abrams estudió en Harvard College, London School of Economics y Harvard Law School, y habla francés y español con fluidez.

Alexander Acosta

Alexander Acosta, que fue nombrado el 16 de febrero de 2017 por el Presidente Donald Trump para ser Secretario de Trabajo, ha sido el decano de la Facultad de Leyes de Florida International University desde 2009. Un republicano de larga data, Acosta fue nombrado por el Presidente George W. Bush como miembro del Consejo Nacional the Relaciones Laborales de 2002 a 2003. En 2003 fue elegido para servir como Fiscal General Asistente de Derechos Civiles. Más adelante fue nombrado fiscal federal para el Distrito Sur de Florida. Bajo esta cargo, procesó a acusados de alto nivel, tales como  Jack Abramoff por fraude, Jose Padilla por terrorismo, Charles “Chuckie” Taylor Jr. por tortura, y a los fundadores del Cartel de Cali.

El Sr. Acosta comenzó su carrera como asistente legal para el Juez Samuel A. Alito, Jr., quien en ese entonces era juez de la Corte de Apelaciones del Tercer Circuito. Luego, fue abogado para Kirkland & Ellis y enseño en George Mason School of Law.

El Sr. Acosta también es el Presidente deU.S. Century Bank, un banco comunitario hispano en Florida. La revista Hispanic Business lo ha nombrado dos veces como uno de los 50 hispanos más influyentes en Estados Unidos.

Acosta obtuvo su título de grado de Harvard College y un J.D. de Harvard Law School.

Helen Aguirre Ferré

Helen Aguirre Ferré, originaria de Miami, FL, ha sido nombrada recientemente como asistente especial para el presidente y directora de asuntos mediáticos de la Casa Blanca. En junio de 2016, durante la campaña presidencial, Aguirre Ferré fue nombrada como directora de comunicación hispana para la Convención Nacional Republicana. Previo a ello, trabajó como asesora senior para la campaña presidencial de Jeb Bush. Más recientemente, en una entrevista para la agencia de noticias española EFE, Aguirre dijo que el Presidente Donald Trump cree que “Cuba no ofreció ninguna concesión, con todo lo que se le ha regalado en lo que ha sido la normalización y el restablecimiento de acuerdos y el trato diplomático”.

Durante la campaña electoral criticó duramente a Donald Trump y publicó una serie de tweets cuestionando al candidato. Muchos de esos tweets fueron borrados desde entonces. Durante una entrevista con Al Punto Florida, un show de Univisión, aseguró que pensaba que a Donald Trump “le incomoda la mujer fuerte e independiente”

Una periodista de larga data, la Sra. Aguirre Ferré fue una columnista regular para el Miami Herald y hasta el 2015 fue presentadora de un show de TV llamado  Issues with Helen Ferré en la televisión pública WPBT 2. También fue anfitriona de Zona Política con Helen Aguirre, un programa de radio de dos horas en español de Univision America Radio. Ha sido invitada en shows como PBS News Hour, CNN Headline News, NBC6 Miami, Newsmax, Univision y Telemundo.

La Sra. Aguirre es miembro del Consejo de Administración de Miami Dade College. En 2016, co-fundó  CODeLLA, un un programa de inmersión en emprendedurismo y programación para jóvenes hispanas de secundario de comunidades de bajos recursos.

La Sra. Aguirre Ferré obtuvo su B.A. en Ciencia Política de Barry University in Miami Shores y su M.A. sobre Estudios inter-Americanos de la University of Miami, Coral Gables.

John Barsa

Originario de Miami, FL, Barsa ha trabajado en el equipo de transición del Departamento de Seguridad Nacional (Department of Homeland Security – DHS). Es el fundador de Barsa Strategies, una firma que provee una variedad de servicios de consultoría y cabildeo relacionados a seguridad nacional. En 2011, fue candidato republicano para la Cámara de Delegados de Virginia, por el 44º asiento electoral. Perdió contra el demócrata Surovell 39% a 58%.

Bajo la administración del Presidente George W. Bush, Barsa fue el primer director de la oficina de Enlace Público del Departamento de Seguridad Nacional (DHS), donde trabajó con los Secretarios Tom Ridge y Michael Chertoff. Antes de DHS, Barsa trabajó en la Administración Nacional de Aeronáutica y Espacio (NASA), bajo el Administrador Sean O’Keefe, reestableciendo un enlace permanente y formal con industrias. Barsa llegó a la NASA desde la Asociación de Industrias Aeroespaciales (AIA), donde realizó tareas de cabildeo y fue gerente de relaciones internacionales. AIA representa a los principales productores y proveedores de productos aeroespaciales civiles, militares, y comerciales.

Antes de ser lobbista del AIA, Barsa trabajó para el Legislador Republicano de Florida, Lincoln Diaz-Balart. Barsa prestó servicio en la reserva del Ejército de EE.UU. durante una década. Pasó siete de esos diez años el 11º Grupo de Fuerzas Especiales donde era especialista de comunicaciones. Luego de este tiempo con las Fuerza Especiales, Barsa fue miembro del Batallón 450º de Asuntos Civiles, una unidad de Fuerzas Especiales adjunta a la 82º División Aérea. Recibió una Licenciatura en Relaciones Internacionales de la Universidad Internacional de Florida (FIU).

Robin Bernstein

En octubre del 2017 el presidente de Estados Unidos anunció que nominaría a la Lic. Robin Bernstein para ocupar el puesto de embajadora ante la República Dominicana. Bernstein, quien es miembro fundador del club del presidente Mar-A-Lago, es cercana a Trump y no cuenta con experiencia diplomática. Su nominación ha sido sujeta a críticas por el potencial de conflicto de intereses dado a los intereses comerciales de la Organización Trump en ese país. Bernstein cuenta con una licenciatura de American University y tiene una maestría de administración de empresas (MBA) por la universidad de George Washington. Habla castellano de nivel básico.

Robert Blau

Blau es un alto oficial retirado del servicio exterior. Trabajó como charge d’affairs en El Salvador desde enero 2009 hasta septiembre 2010, bajo el Embajador Charles Glazer. Previo a eso, fue diplomático senior en la entonces Sección de Intereses de EE.UU. en La Habana y, luego, subdirector de la oficina de Cuba en el Departamento de Estado.

John Bolton

En 2002, mientras fungía como subsecretario de estado de control de armas y seguridad internacional debajo de la administración de George W. Bush, el Sr. Bolton declaró que Cuba estaba desarrollando armas biológicas, una declaración que impulsó a numerosos oficiales de la agencia de inteligencia e investigación de su misma secretaría a salir en contra de estas declaraciones. Sin embargo, en 2007 Bolton nuevamente atacó el tema en su recuerdo “Surrender is Not an Option” (La derrota no es una opción) y causó que miembros de la comunidad de inteligencia de EU públicamente salieran en contra de sus alegaciones.

En enero 2018, en una pieza escrita por Bolton, el exembajador ante la ONU mencionó varios riesgos que existen en la región de América Latina, uno de estos haciendo referencia hacia intereses iranís sobre depósitos de uranio en Venezuela. Sin embargo, un reporte preparado por el departamento de estado sobre la influencia iraní en el hemisferio occidental además de un reporte desarrollado por el CSIS ambos habían presentado evidencias que descartaban el supuesto interés iraní por adquirir uranio en Venezuela. Además, dentro de la misma pieza Bolton escribió incorrectamente “Colombia” al deletrear “Columbia” en una oración donde comentaba sobre las ventajas que han aprovechado carteles de narcotraficantes ante la inestabilidad que se ha visto en “Columbia y Venezuela” (al menos de que Bolton haya hecho referencia a la universidad de Columbia en Nueva York, aunque el barrio donde está ubicada ésta no ha visto niveles de caos como los que se viven en Venezuela desde los años ochenta).

Bolton también ha sido un crítico sobre la política de gobierno del presidente Obama para restaurar las relaciones diplomáticas con Cuba y considera que el régimen de Castro no cumplió con ninguna de las demandas que fueron pedidas por EU. También ha expresado preocupación sobre la persistencia del régimen de los Castro en Cuba y el rol que tiene éste en promulgar influencia rusa en ese país, aun ante un escenario en donde Raúl fuera a dejar el poder. Quizá más preocupante, sin embargo, sea el hecho de que Bolton ha sugerido que una mayor influencia
rusa en América Latina podría servir como una invitación para que la administración de Trump re-instituya otra versión de la Doctrina Monroe, una política de relaciones de EU con América Latina que fue abandonada por el gobierno de Obama. El artículo completo publicado por Sr. Bolton se encuentra disponible aquí: https://www.aei.org/publication/pay-attention-to-latin-america-and-africa-before-controversies-erupt/

Kimberly Breier

El 11 de octubre de 2018, el Senado de los Estados Unidos confirmó a Kimberly Breier como Subsecretaria de Estado para Asuntos del Hemisferio Occidental, la posición diplomática más importante de las Américas. La confirmación de Breier es un importante paso para la administración de Trump, que continua confirmando cargos diplomáticos clave.

Kimberly Breier fue nombrada Subsecretaria de Estado para Asuntos del Hemisferio Occidental el 5 de marzo de 2018. Desde junio de 2017, Breier ha trabajado para el Departamento de Estado como miembro del personal de planificación de políticas que cubre el Hemisferio Occidental. Antes de unirse al Departamento de Estado, Breier se desempeñó como Directora de la “U.S.-Mexico Futures Initiative” y como Directora Adjunta del Programa de las Américas en el Centro de Estudios Estratégicos e Internacionales (CSIS). También se ha desempeñado como directora para el Hemisferio Occidental en el Consejo de Seguridad Nacional. El 11 de octubre de 2018, Breier fue confirmada como Subsecretaria de Estado para Asuntos del Hemisferio Occidental en una votación unánime.

William Brownfield

El Embajador William Brownfield, un funcionario de carrera del servicio exterior, es actualmente el Subsecratario de Narcóticos y Orden Público, pero anteriormente trabajó casi exclusivamente en América Latina en el Departamento de Estado. Fue Embajador en Colombia (2007-2010), Venezuela (2004-2007) y Chile (2002-2004), así como asesor político temporal frente al Comando Sur de Estados Unidos en Panamá. Ha sido nombrado como funcionario en Venezuela, Argentina, Suiza y El Salvador. Mientras fue Embajador en Venezuela, heredó una enconada relación con el entonces Presidente Chávez, y, durante su tiempo allí, Chávez amenazó con expulsarlo en numerosas ocasiones a raíz de comentarios hechos por Brownfield. No obstante, Brownfield nunca fue nombrado persona non grata. En cambio, Brownfield eligió enfocarse en aspectos positivos, implementando una estrategia de“diplomacia de baseball”y humor en comunidades pobres pro-Chávez para contrarrestar las constantes intimidaciones del presidente Venezolano.

Recientemente ha visitados las Filipinas en su posición actual como Subsecretario, con el objetivo de construir instituciones y promover el estado de derecho, y repitió su posición de que una guerra contra las drogas no puede ser ganada “arrestando nuestro camino fuera de ella”.

Leah Campos Schandlbauer

Leah Campos es asesora mayor en el Comité de Asuntos Exteriores en la Cámara de Diputados de E.U. Previamente, formaba parte del mismo Comité y fue Directora del Subcomité de asuntos del hemisferio occidental. En 2012 se postuló con el partido republicano para representar al noveno distrito en la cámara de diputados de Arizona pero fue derrotada en la elección. Entre las políticas que propuso durante su campaña se incluían planes para reducir el gasto público, aumentar recursos de seguridad nacional y defensa, desmontar Obamacare, enforzar seguridad fronteriza, limitar inmigración y prohibir el aborto.

Antes de meterse en política, Campos trabajo durante 14 años en la CIA como oficial del Servicio Nacional Clandestino en Europa Occidental y América Latina. Es licenciada en ciencias políticas y gobierno por la Universidad Estatal de Arizona y maestre en asuntos públicos e internacionales por la Universidad de Pittsburgh.

José Cárdenas

José Cárdenas, nacido y criado en Washington D.C., es un cabildero (lobbyist) registrado, que trabaja para la consultora Visión Américas LLC. Cárdenas fue Jefe de Personal, Asesor senior, y redactor de discursos para el Subsecretario de Estado para Asuntos del Hemisferio Occidental. En el Consejo de Seguridad Nacional, Cárdenas participó en la formulación de dos discursos presidenciales sobre el Hemisferio Occidental y fue parte del equipo que planeó en 2007 el viaje de George W. Bush a América Latina. Bajo la administración de George W. Bush, Cárdenas fue administrador adjunto para América Latina en la Agencia Internacional de Desarrollo de Estados Unidos (USAID). También fue Asesor Senior para el Secretario General de la Organización de Estados Americanos (2003), y Profesional Senior del Comité de Relaciones Exteriores del Senado (2002). Empezó su carrera promoviendo una Cuba libre y democrática para la Fundación Nacional Cubano-Americana, comenzando como asistente, para luego llegar a ser Director en Washington del grupo.

Como cabildero para Visión Américas LLC, Cárdenas representó la firma pakistaní de seguridad, Kestral, que presuntamente facilitó la presencia operativa secreta de la firma de seguridad Blackwater en Pakistán. Cárdenas también representó a la asociación de manufactureros textiles de Honduras que apoyó al gobierno de facto de Roberto Micheletti después del golpe de estado de 2009 en contra del gobierno de izquierda del presidente Manuel Zelaya.

Además de su trabajo como cabildero, Cárdenas es un comentador político, que escribe artículos de opinión para medios como Foreign Policy‘s Shadow GovernmentNPRWashington Times, y FOX News. El foco de Cárdenas son temas relacionados a América Latina, tales como la crisis Venezolana, el proceso de paz en Colombia, las relaciones de Estados Unidos con la region y, más específicamente, con Cuba.

Mauricio Claver-Carone

Mauricio Claver-Carone nació en Florida y fue criado en Madrid, España. Fue nombrado como parte del equipo de transición del Tesoro de Trump.

Claver-Carone es co-fundador y director del Comité de Acción Política para la Democracia de Cuba – Estados Unidos (U.S. Cuba Democracy Political Action Committee – USCD PAC), uno de los grupos pro-embargo más activos de Washington. El objetivo del grupo es recaudar recursos para apoyar a miembros del Congreso que se oponen a medidas económicas que financian al gobierno cubano, y que están comprometidos a apoyar legislación que busca fortalecer el apoyo a la oposición cubana. Según los registros de la Comisión Federal Electoral, el USCD PAC gastó alrededor de $680,000 en las últimas elecciones, y donó a las campañas del senador republicano Marco Rubio y el diputado Carlos Curbelo, y a la campaña de la diputada demócrata Debbie Wasserman Schultz. En 2006, un grupo de control acusó al USCD PAC de romper las regulaciones de la Comisión Federal Electoral (FEC) por tener vínculos ilegales con una organización sin fines de lucro y por recibir dinero de extranjeros. Sin embargo, la FEC no encontró evidencia de que el USCD PAC haya violado ninguna regulación.

Claver-Carone es también director ejecutivo de Defensores de la Democracia de Cuba (Cuba Democracy Advocates), una organización sin fines de lucro que tiene por objetivo promover los derechos humanos, la democracia y el estado de derecho en Cuba.

También es editor de Cubanos del Capitolio, un blog sobre la política de Estados Unidos con Cuba, y ha sido anfitrión del show de política exterior “De Washington al Mundo” de Sirius-XM’s Canal 153. Ha escrito para varias publicaciones incluyendo: The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, Politico, The Hill, The Huffington Post, The Georgetown Journal of International Law, y the Yale Journal of International Affairs. Fue un gran crítico de la política de normalización propuesta por Obama y afirmó que ha empeorado la situación debido a que los arrestos se han incrementado; la inmigración cubana ha subido; la conectividad a internet ha empeorado; y hay menos gente auto-empleada en la isla.

Ha testificado como experto frente a los Comités de Asuntos Internacionales, Asuntos Jurídicos y Recursos Naturales la Cámara de Representantes. En marzo de 2016 testificó frente al Subcomité de Terrorismo, No proliferación y Comercio de la Cámara de Representantes sobre cómo los cambios implementados por Obama respecto del comercio con Cuba han provisto al régimen de efectivo por adelantado, mientras al mismo tiempo decrecieron las exportaciones agrícolas de Estados Unidos.

Como abogado, trabajó en el Departamento del Tesoro de Estados Unidos y fue profesor tiempo completo de la Escuela de Derecho de la Universidad Católica de América y como profesor adjunto en el Centro Nacional de Derecho de la Universidad de George Washington.

Claver-Carone obtuvo una licenciatura en Artes del Rollins College, es abogado de la Universidad Católica de América y obtuvo una Maestría en Leyes (LL.M.) en Derecho Internacional y Comparado de Georgetown University.

Juan Cruz

Juan Cruz fue nombrado como Director del Hemisferio Occidental en el Consejo Nacional de Seguridad. Ha sido miembro del servicio diplomático desde 1986 y tiene una licenciatura de Georgetown University, además de una maestría de la Escuela de Estudios Internacionales Avanzados de la Universidad de John Hopkins (SAIS).

Dr. Craig Deare

El 17 de febrero de 2017, el Dr. Craig Deare fue despedido de su nuevo cargo como Director Senior de Hemisferio Occidental para el Consejo Nacional de Seguridad (NSC). Sin embargo, esto es lo que sabemos sobre él. El Dr. Deare ha sido profesor en la Universidad de Defensa Nacional desde enero de 2001 y actualmente es Decano de Administración del College of International Security Affairs (CISA). Se unió a CISA en marzo de 2010 y luego de más de nueve años en el Centro de Estudios de Defensa Hemisféricos (CHDS). En CHDS, el Dr. Deare fue Decano de Asuntos Académicos de 2004 a 2007.

Dr. Deare fue parte del Ejército por 20 años, cumpliendo una variedad de tareas y especializándose en inteligencia militar y como funcionario extranjero en América Latina. Se retiró del ejército como Teniente Coronel y es un experto en México. Dr. Deare ganó una beca del congreso de la Asociación Americana de Ciencia Política (APSA), y fue asistente legislativo para de Asuntos de Seguridad Nacional para el Senador de Florida Bob Graham (D). Luego de su paso por el Capitolio, fue Oficial de Enlace con el Congreso en la Oficina de Enlace Legislativo del Ejército y como Jefe del Sector de Planes y Operaciones de la División de Programas.

Dr. Deare ha sido publicado en una cantidad de revistas académicas y de política. Sus publicaciones incluyen: “Security Implications of Drug Legalization in the U.S. and Mexico,” en The State and Security in Mexico: Transformation and Crisis in Regional Perspective Strategic Forum, Number 243; “Relaciones de defensa México-Estados Unidos” en Atlas de la Seguridad y la Defensa de México 2009; “Improving U.S. Defense Structure for the Western Hemisphere” en Joint Forces Quarterly; y La militarización en América Latina y el papel de Estados Unidos” en Foreign Affairs Latinoamerica. También está por publicar un libro (marzo 2017), sobre las relaciones entre México y Estados Unidos.

Dr. Deare tiene una licenciatura en ciencia política y una Maestría y Ph.D. en Relaciones Internacionales y Economía Internacional de la Paul Nitze School of Advanced International Studies de The Johns Hopkins University. También es graduado del U.S. Marine Corps University’s Command y General Staff College.

Carlos E. Díaz-Rosillo

Carlos Díaz es originario de Miami y actualmente ocupa el puesto de Director de Política y Coordinación Inter-Agencial dentro de la Oficina del Asesor Mayor de Política al Presidente.

El Sr. Díaz trabajo también con el equipo de Trump durante el cambio de gobierno en 2017, donde fue Asesor de Autoridad Ejecutiva. Anteriormente, Díaz-Rosillo fue profesor de estudios de gobierno en la Universidad de Harvard, además de rector residente en la casa Dunster de esa misma universidad. También fue profesor visitante en la Universidad Internacional de Florida. Ha formado parte de la facultad en Harvard por ocho años y su investigación se centra en la presidencia estadounidense y examina los instrumentos que tiene disponible la autoridad ejecutiva para formar políticas públicas. Díaz-Rosillo fue miembro del comité ejecutivo de la Red de Investigación ADR de la Facultad de Derecho en la Universidad de St. Thomas. Tiene licenciaturas en relaciones internacionales e ingeniería civil de la Universidad de Tufts, además de una maestría y doctorado de políticas públicas de la Universidad de Harvard.

Dr. Richard Downie

Desde 2013, Richard Downie ha sido el director del área de Estrategias Innovadoras y Seguridad Global, además de socio en Delphi Strategic Consulting. Anteriormente, fue director del Centro Perry de Estudios de Defensa Hemisféricos, de 2004 a 2014.

El Dr. Downie cuenta con más de 35 años de experiencia liderando organizaciones civiles, militares, gubernamentales y del sector privado. Como funcionario público, lideró diversos cursos, seminarios, conferencias, diálogos de seguridad y talleres de capacitación para miembros del gabinete ejecutivo. Ha ocupado puestos militares y es miembro del servicio diplomático con una especialidad regional en América Latina. El Dr. Downie ha laborado en Alemania; en Colombia—donde se gradúo con honores del programa LANCERO; en Panamá en la división del sur del ejército; con la unidad especializada multinacional en Bosnia; y en México como el Agregado de Defensa y Ejército.  Fue primer comandante en el Instituto del hemisferio occidental de Cooperación de Seguridad (WHINSEC) en Ft. Benning, Georgia.

Dentro del sector privado ha sido estratega y desarrollador de negocio en programas de seguridad y defensa y es un contribuidor frecuente y analista en medios en español e inglés sobre asuntos internacionales. Es autor del libro “Learning from Conflict: The U.S. Military in Vietnam, El Salvador and the Drug War,” publicado en 1998, y ha escrito diversos artículos académicos. Ha recibido distintos premios de los gobiernos de Colombia, Perú y México además del ejército de E.U.

El Dr. Downie es licenciado por el instituto militar, West Point, y obtuvo una maestría y doctorado en relaciones internacionales en la Universidad del Sur de California (USC).

John Feely

El 12 de enero del presente año, el Embajador de E.U. ante Panamá, John Feely, resignó de su puesto al anunciar que le sería imposible trabajar bajo la administración del presidente Trump por su fuerte desacuerdo con las políticas de esa administración. Feely es diplomático de carrera y trabajó con los secretarios de estado Colin Powell y Condoleeza Rice. Antes de unirse al servicio exterior, Feely era piloto de helicóptero con las fuerzas especiales de E.U.

Andrew Gellert

La Casa Blanca nominó a Andrew Gellert como el nuevo embajador en Chile. Gellert es actualmente presidente de Gellert Global Group, empresa de importación de alimentos. También se desempeña como Tesorero de Atalanta Corporation, Vicepresidente Senior de Camerican International y Presidente de la Asociación de Industrias Alimentarias.

Gellert mantiene lazos financieros con la familia Kushner. Andrew Gellert es el hijo de George Gellert, un amigo cercano del padre de Jared Kusnher, Charles Kushner. Las dos familias tienen una amplia red de conexiones financieras en bienes raíces, medios y banca, siendo el mas importante el edificio ubicado en 666 Fifth Avenue.

Andrew Gellert no cuenta con experiencia diplomática y solo habla español básico. Sin embargo, ha hecho negocios en Chile desde 1999, cuando su familia compró JF Braun & Sons y Cameraman International de ConAgra Inc. En 2008, Gellert Group formó Andes Quality, S.A. con Agracom de Australia, y en 2016 compró KHI International Trade, un empresa de abastecimiento de alimentos con una oficina en Chile. Obtuvo la licenciatura de la Universidad de Cornell.

Charles Glazer

Originario de Greenwich, CT, Glazer fue Embajador (no de carrera) en El Salvador desde 2006 hasta 2009, bajo la administración de George W. Bush. Previo a eso, el Glazer fue Presidente y Director Ejecutivo de C. L. Glazer & Company, Inc., una empresa de brókeres y banca de inversiones en Greenwhich, CT, que fundó en 1981. Previo a eso, Glazer era Vicepresidente Senior y Director de Jefferies & Company, Vicepresidente Senior de Blyth Eastman Dillion & Co., Inc., una banca de inversiones y de corretaje institucional en la ciudad de Nueva York.

El Sr. Glazer fue oficial del Ejército de EE.UU. desde 1965 hasta 1967 y fue adjunto al Batallón 502º de Inteligencia Militar en Seúl, Corea del Sur. Glazer recibió una licenciatura en Finanzas de la Universidad de Virginia, y ha sido miembro de varios Consejos de Administración.

Philip Goldberg

El 7 de febrero, Reuters indicó que el gobierno cubano aprobó la visa del diplomático de carrera Philip Goldberg para que éste pudiera asumir el puesto de Encargado de Misión en la Habana. Anteriormente Goldberg fue Embajador de E.U. ante las Filipinas entre 2013-2016. De 2013 a 2016, Goldberg fungió como subsecretario asistente en la Unidad de Investigación e Inteligencia de la Secretaria de Estado.

Goldberg fue Embajador de E.U. ante Bolivia entre 2006 y 2008 hasta que el presidente Evo Morales lo expulsó del país al acusar a su equipo por haber realizado espionaje de ciudadanos bolivianos. Las acusaciones contra Goldberg ocurrieron cortamente después de una reunión que había sostenido el embajador con el exgobernador de Santa Cruz, la provincia más rica en Bolivia que anteriormente había expresado interés en autonomizarse del país. El incidente podría presentar desafíos ante el cargo de Goldberg en Cuba dado a que ese país mantiene fuertes lazos con el país sudamericano.

Adicionalmente, de 2004 a 2006 fue Jefe de Misión en Pristina, Kosovo y entre 2001 y 2002 fue Jefe de Misión Adjunto en la embajada de E.U. en Santiago, Chile. Entre 1998 y 2000 Goldberg trabajó con el Subsecretario de Estado Strobe Talbott, primero como asistente especial y luego como asistente ejecutivo. De 1994 a 1996 ocupo un puesto administrativo en Bosnia.  

Goldberg es graduado de Boston University y habla castellano.

General John F. Kelly

En julio del año pasado, el general John Francis Kelly fue nombrado como Secretario Ejecutivo del presidente Trump, lo cual agrega al equipo del presidente una perspectiva con extenso conocimiento y experiencia de América Latina. Anteriormente, Reince Priebus ocupaba ese puesto. A pesar de que su elección no fue ligada por su experiencia en la región, el equipo inmediato del presidente ahora cuenta con un miembro que tiene amplia experiencia en la región.

Es maestro en seguridad nacional por la Universidad de Georgetown y fue miembro del cuerpo de Marines por más de 30 años, de los cuales muchos los paso en América Latina.

En 2012 el presidente Obama nombró al General Kelly como comandante de las Fuerzas de E.U. del Sur (SOUTHCOM) y durante su mandato fue conocido por su oposición a la decisión del presidente de clausurar la prisión de Guantánamo y también por la postura conservativa que adoptó sobre la frontera con México. En privado, el General Kelly estaba de acuerdo con la política de apertura que impulso la administración de Obama ante Cuba y en un reporte de terrorismo que se publicó en 2013 indicó que no consideraba que el gobierno iraní presentaba un riesgo ante sospechas que ese gobierno trataba de influir temas en países de América Latina. Sin embargo, desde entonces su postura ante Irán ha cambiado.

Con otros temas, el general ha adoptado una postura más moderada. Frecuentemente hace mención sobre los efectos que tiene la exportación de narcóticos a E.U. desde México en sociedades en Centro América y considera que la postura de retiro que ha adoptado E.U. en América Latina es riesgosa porque invita a países como Rusia y China a proyectar su influenza dentro la región.

Christopher Landau

A mediados de noviembre de 2018, fuentes cercanas dentro la administración Trump revelaron a Global Americans que Christopher Landau podría ser nominado como el próximo Embajador de los Estados Unidos en México, un puesto que ha estado vacío desde que la nominada de Obama, Roberta Jacobson, dejó el cargo en mayo de 2018.

Nacido en España y con un español y francés fluido, Landau actualmente es socio de la firma de litigios Quinn Emmanuel. Previamente formaba parte de Kirkland & Ellis. Graduado con honored (magna cum laude) de la Escuela de Derecho de Harvard, Landau trabajó para los jueces Antonin Scalia y Clarence Thomas en la década de los noventas.

Landau no tiene experiencia previa en el servicio exterior diplomático, aunque pasó gran parte de su infancia en América Latina ya que su padre, George Landau, se desempeñó como Embajador de los Estados Unidos en Paraguay (1972-77), Chile (1977-82) y Venezuela (1982-85).

Joseph E. Macmanus

El diplomático de carrera, Joseph E. Macmanus, ha sido nominado como Embajador ante Colombia por el presidente y espera la confirmación del senado estadounidense. Macmanus ha fungido como secretario ejecutivo de la Secretaria de Estado desde 2014 y anteriormente era el representante de E.U. ante la oficina de la ONU y la Agencia Internacional de Energía Atómica en Vienna.

Con un nivel de Consejero Ministerial, Macmanus fungió como asistente ejecutivo de las Cancilleres de Relaciones Exteriores Hillary Clinton y Condoleeza Rice. De abril 2011 a mayo 2012, Macmanus fue asistente adjunto principal en la sección de asuntos legales de la Secretaría de Estado, en donde manejaba relaciones con el Congreso de E.U.

Macmanus se unió al servicio exterior en 1986 como un oficial de diplomacia pública dentro de la Agencia de Información de E.U., y hasta 2003 ocupo diversos puestos en México, El Salvador, Polonia y Bélgica.

Macmanus estudió Universidad de Notre Dame y también tiene una maestría de ciencias de información de la Universidad Estatal de Nueva York. Si es confirmado como embajador ante Colombia reemplazará al embajador actual en ese país, Kevin Whitaker.

Kirsten Madison, Subsecretaria de Estado (Asuntos Internacionales de Narcóticos y Aplicación de la Ley)

Kirsten Madison fue confirmada como Subsecretaria de Estado por el Senado el 26 de abril de 2018. Anteriormente, Madison fungió como subdirectora y becaria residente en política exterior y defensa en el American Enterprise Institute en Washington, DC. A lo largo de una carrera de 25 años en política de seguridad nacional y extranjera, ha trabajado en temas relacionados con la gobernanza, los antinarcóticos y la lucha antiterrorista para el Comité de Relaciones Exteriores del Senado de EE. UU., la Guardia Costera., el Departamento de Estado, la Organización de Estados Americanos, el Consejo de Seguridad Nacional de la Casa Blanca y como miembro del personal del Congreso.

En el Comité de Relaciones Exteriores del Senado, la Sra. Madison fue miembro del personal profesional entre 1997 y 2001, y luego fue asesora principal del ex – Secretario General de la OEA, César Gaviria, en 2002. En abril de 2006, mientras era asistente adjunta secretaria de la Oficina de Asuntos del hemisferio occidental, visitó Nicaragua seis meses antes de las elecciones presidenciales e instó a los nicaragüenses a oponerse a Daniel Ortega y José Rizo, a los que se refirió como “dos caudillos corruptos que representan un regreso a un pasado oscuro, egoísta e improductivo”. “La Sra. Madison tiene una licenciatura en Relaciones Internacionales de Goucher College y una maestría en Economía y Estudios Europeos de London School of Economics.

Caleb McCarry

Caleb McCarry nació en Plainfield, Massachusetts y era un candidato para ocupar el puesto de Secretario Asistente de Asuntos del Hemisferio Occidental en el Departamento de Estado.

El Sr. McCarry es asesor profesional del Comité de Asuntos Exteriores del Senado y anteriormente fue director de comunicaciones en Creative Associates International, una empresa de desarrollo global que provee servicios de desarrollo rutinarios para desafíos globales. En 2005 fue nombrado como Coordinador de Transición de Cuba por la administración de George W. Bush.

McCarry tiene casi diez años trabajando en asuntos sobre América Latina en el Capitolio con el Partido Republicano y fue Director del Subcomité de la Comisión de Asuntos Internacionales de la Cámara de Diputados. McCarry se tituló como Licenciado de Literatura Hispana por la Universidad de Massachusetts, Amherst en 1983.

Lee McClenny

Lee McClenny es candidato para ser embajador ante la república de Paraguay y desde 2014 ocupa el puesto de encargado de asuntos en la embajada de E..U en Caracas, Venezuela.

McClenny comenzó su carrera en 1986 con la Agencia de Información de E.U. y es diplomático de carrera. Fungió como Cónsul Adjunto en la Misión de Gobierno en Kuala Lumpur, Malasia. Anteriormente fue Oficial Mayor en Montreal, Canadá y completó asignaturas de gobierno en Manila, Londres, la Ciudad de Guatemala, Belgrado y Ottawa. McClenny también ha ocupado puestos de la Secretaría de Estado en el Consejo Nacional de Seguridad; la Oficina de Asuntos Exteriores en Londres; y en la oficina de la Organización del Tratado del Atlántico Norte en Bruselas. Es titulado por la Universidad de Washington y habla español, francés, croata y ruso.

Mark Morgan

Después de la renuncia del jefe de Aduanas y Protección Fronteriza (CBP), John Sanders, el presidente Donald Trump seleccionó al líder de inmigración Mark Morgan para dirigir la agencia. La renuncia de Sanders se produce después de una reacción violenta por parte del público sobre el trato y las condiciones de vida de los niños migrantes en la frontera sur del país y las quejas de los funcionarios de la Casa Blanca que Sanders no estaba siendo lo suficientemente agresivo en la frontera.

Morgan había sido director interino de la Oficina de Inmigración y Control de Aduanas de los Estados Unidos durante menos de dos meses antes de que Trump lo eligiera para el puesto de CBP. En esta capacidad, Morgan presionó para incursiones de deportación en todo el país apoyadas por el presidente Trump. Durante semanas había señalado un mayor enfoque en la deportación de familias de la agencia, y le dijo a los reporteros que los agentes atacarían a más de 2,000 familiares de inmigrantes que ya tenían órdenes de deportación. Como comentarista de Fox News, Morgan ha previamente defendido la decisión del presidente de declarar una emergencia nacional para obtener dirigidos a expandir el muro fronterizo.

Hacia el final de la administración de Obama, Morgan fue el jefe de la Patrulla Fronteriza de los Estados Unidos hasta que el presidente Trump lo obligó a retirarse en 2017. Ha permanecido en las buenas gracias del presidente después de respaldar las políticas agresivas de Trump en la televisión. Morgan, ex oficial de la policía de Los Ángeles, se convirtió en agente especial de la Oficina de Investigación Federal (FBI) en 1996. Permaneció en el FBI durante más de dos décadas y en 2014, mientras se encontraba en el FBI, se unió a Aduanas y Protección Fronteriza como comisionado adjunto interino de asuntos internos.

Eliot Pedrosa

La Casa Blanca nominó a Eliot Pedrosa para ser el Director Ejecutivo Suplente de los Estados Unidos en el Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo

Pedrosa es accionista principal del bufete de abogados internacional Greenberg Taurig y presidente del departamento de litigios de la firma en Miami. También es presidente del Consejo Asesor del Decano de la Escuela de Asuntos Internacionales y Públicos de la Universidad Internacional de Florida (Green School). Anteriormente, fue designado por el Gobernador de Florida, Rick Scott, para servir como miembro de la Comisión de Nominación Judicial del Tribunal de Apelación del Tercer Distrito, que recientemente completó su mandato como Vicepresidente. Pedrosa también se ha desempeñado como abogado en la división de ejecución de la Comisión de Bolsa y Valores.

Pedrosa se graduó de Harvard Law School y Florida International University.

Sergio de la Peña

Sergio de la Peña ha sido nombrado Subsecretario Asistente de Defensa del Hemisferio Occidental. Desde 2011 ha liderado la empresa de consultoría Peña Consulting, LLC y anteriormente trabajo en L-3. MPRI, un proveedor global de servicios militares de contratación. También fungió como Jefe de División del Comando del Norte de E.U., de acuerdo con información disponible en su perfil LinkedIn.

Fue miembro de la campaña electoral del presidente Trump y apoyo con alcances a la comunidad latina donde comunicó que “Trump no es anti-Latino, sino anti-inmigración ilegal” y “es sorprendente considerar cuantos latinos están a favor de Trump por su mensaje económico de campaña”.

Recibió su Licenciatura de Ciencias de la Universidad de Iowa y es Maestro de Ciencia y Arte Militar por el Colegio del Ejercito de E.U.

Jon B. Perdue

Originalmente de Thomaston, Georgia, Jon B. Perdue ha sido nombrado Asistente Especial en el Departamento del Tesoro. Perdue es un investigador y analista en asuntos de terrorismo internacional, derechos humanos, comunicación estratégica, y guerra asimétrica periférica. Es senior fellow de investigación estratégica en el Center for a Secure and Free Society, un think tank enfocado en alcanzar una sociedad próspera basada en los valores de gobierno limitado, libre empresa, y seguridad nacional fuerte. Previo a ello, Perdue fue Director  de Programas de América Latina en el Fund for American Studies en Washington D.C. Según su cuenta de Twitter, también es Director de la  Fundación Libertad Puerto Rico.

Como autor de “La guerra de toda la gente: el nexo entre el radicalismo latinoamericano y el terrorismo de Medio Oriente” y  “La penetración estratégica de Irán en América Latina”, Perdue argumenta que hay una alianza entre Venezuela e Irán enfocada en destruir el orden establecido en el mundo desarrollado (Estados Unidos). En uno de sus artículos, co-escrito con Otto Reich y publicado en  Breitbart, Perdue escribió sobre la alianza Venzuela-Irán cuyo objetivo es aterrorizar a Estados Unidos. Muchos de sus argumentos nunca fueron confirmados por fuentes independientes.

En 2015, Perdue apareció en el reality show “Make Me a Millionaire Inventor” de CNBC, por su invento, el Packbow. Se trata de un arco y flecha que funciona como compás, soporte para carpa, bastón, arpón para pesca, y receptáculo para pastillas de purificación de agua. Según su página web, el Packbow es un “arco de supervivencia creado por un experto en guerra de guerrillas”. Lo puede ordenar aquí: http://packbow.com

Jon Perdue se graduó de finanzas en el Senior Military College, University of North Georgia, y sirvió en la Guardia Nacional del Ejército en Georgia.

Mike Pompeo

A través de su carrera fungiendo como miembro del cuarto distrito del congreso de Kansas y posteriormente como director de la CIA, Mike Pompeo ha tenido una relación limitada con América Latina y existe poca claridad de su perspectiva sobre la región.

Sin embargo, quizá lo más importante para la región sea que a diferencia de su predecesor, Rex Tillerson, el Sr. Pompeo cuenta con amplia experiencia en el sector público y sostiene una relación más personal que Tillerson con el presidente Trump. La experiencia de Pompeo en el gobierno deberá apoyar su rol liderando y navegando la institución detrás del Departamento de Estado.

En 2011, mientras fungía como miembro de la Cámara de Diputados en Kansas, el Sr. Pompeo presentó una propuesta de ley titulada “Build a Fence Now” (Construcción inmediata de una barrera) en donde proponía reforzar la barrera de reja que corre entre la frontera de EU y México, y donde también proponía ampliar otras barreras con los dos vecinos fronterizos de EU, y además aumentar el presupuesto para la unidad del gobierno que combate las rutas por túnel que existen en la frontera con México.

En 2016, el Sr. Pompeo criticó la visita del entonces presidente Barack Obama a Cuba y sus esfuerzos para restaurar las relaciones diplomáticas con ese país y advirtió sobre las intenciones de Obama de clausurar la prisión de la bahía de Guantánamo.

Yleem Poblete Sarmiento

Originaria de Miami, Florida, la Dra. Poblete fue nombrada por Trump como miembro del equipo del Consejo Nacional de Seguridad.

En 2013, co-fundó junto a su marido el Grupo de Analysis Poblete. La Dra. Poblete también es Becaria de Instituto de Investigación Política y Estudios Católicos y profesora invitada en instituciones académicas privadas y públicas.

Por casi dos décadas trabajó en la Cámara de Representantes de Estados Unidos bajo diferentes roles. De 2011 a 2013, fue jefa de personal y directora de personal del Comité de Asuntos Internacionales, bajo la Diputada Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (Republicana de Florida). Antes de eso, fue directora de staff por la minoría en el Comité de Asuntos Internacionales de la Cámara de Representantes; directora de staff del subcomité de Medio Oriente y Asia Central; Directora del staff y subdirectora de staff para el subcomité de Operaciones internacionales y Derechos Humanos. También trabajó en el equipo profesional del Subcomité de Política Económica Internacional y Comercio, y en el equipo del Subcomité sobre África.

En el Comité de Asuntos Internacionales, la Dra. Poblete trabajó sobre legislación para imponer sanciones a Irán y Siria; frenar fondos de Estados Unidos a la International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) que estén contribuyendo a la asistencia técnica de la IAEA a Irán, Siria y Corea del Norte; y hacer rendir cuentas a los cuerpos de paz involucrados en abuso sexual. En 1996, también trabajó para la Ley de Libertad y Solidaridad Democrática (también conocida como la ley Helms–Burton), que incrementó el embargo de Estados Unidos a Cuba.

Ha publicado artículos en The Hill, Wall Street Journal, National Review Online, National Interest, y Washington Times, entre otros. Ha escrito sobre las relaciones cubano-americanas, la influencia de Irán en América Latina, y la necesidad de imponer sanciones a Venezuela. Es una firme creyente en la teoría de que hay grupos terroristas infiltrados en América Latina, con el objetivo de atacar Estados Unidos.

La Dra. Poblete ha obtenido un Ph.D. en Política Mundial/Relaciones Internacionales de la Universidad Católica de América, con concentración en Medio Oriente y el Hemisferio Occidental. También obtuvo una Maestría en Relaciones Internacionales de la Universidad de Miami, una licenciatura en Relaciones Internacionales de St. Thomas University.

Celina Realuyo

Celina es profesora en el Centro de Estudios de Defensa Hemisférica William J. Perry de la Universidad Nacional de Defensa, y profesora adjunta de asuntos internacionales en George Washington University.

De 2002 a 2006 Realuyo fue Directora de Programas Financieros Anti-terroristas en la Oficina del Coordinador de Anti-terrorismo de la Secretaria de Estado en Washington, D.C. Tras los ataques terroristas del 11 de septiembre en 2001, Realuyo se reintegró al sector público y lideró un programa multimillonario de asistencia foránea que aseguraba sistemas financieros ante movimientos terroristas. Bajo su mando, el gobierno de E.U. capacito a más de 1,800 servidores en más de 20 países (entre ellos Afganistán, Iraq, Pakistán y Arabia Saudita) y su equipo recibió una mención honorífica de la Comisión de 11/9 por sus esfuerzos en combatir financiamiento a terroristas.

Antes de su regreso a Washington, Celina fue miembro de la banca privada en Goldman Sachs en Londres, donde asesoraba a familias distinguidas de Europa sobre temas financieros. Previamente, su carrera diplomática la llevo a Madrid, Panamá, y la Misión de EU a la OTAN en Bruselas. En Washington, Celina ocupó puestos de alto nivel en el Centro de Operaciones de la Secretaria de Estado, en el Centro de Emergencias del Consejo Nacional de Seguridad en la Casa Blanca y fue Asistente Especial del Secretario de Estado.

Celina es graduada por la Escuela de Servicio Exterior de la Universidad de Georgetown y recibió un MBA de la Escuela de Negocios de Harvard, además de una Maestría de Relaciones Internacionales de la Escuela de Asuntos Internacionales Avanzados (SAIS) de la Universidad John Hopkins y un Certificado de Estudios Políticos de Instituto de Estudios Políticos (Sciences Po) en París, Francia.

Todd D. Robinson

Todd D. Robinson es Encargado de Asuntos (Chargé d’Affaires) en la embajada de EU en Caracas, Venezuela. Previamente Robinson ocupo el puesto de embajador de E.U. ante Guatemala. Su asignación a la embajada en Venezuela llega en un momento crítico con las relaciones de E.U.-Venezuela, dada la tensión que existe con el Presidente Maduro y las sanciones que han sido impuestas por la administración del presidente Trump ante ese país.

Durante su cargo como embajador ante Guatemala, Robinson fue conocido por haber impulsado iniciativas importantes ante problemas de corrupción en ese país. Se ha declarado públicamente a favor de la Comisión Internacional en Contra de la Impunidad en Guatemala, que es respaldada por la ONU, y que ha sido una herramienta efectiva en la lucha contra la corrupción en el país. Antes de su cargo como embajador, Robinson fue Asistente Adjunto en la Oficina para Asuntos Internacionales de Narcóticos y Ejecución de la Ley, y entre 2009 y 2011 fungió como Jefe de Misión Adscrito en la embajada en Guatemala.

Previamente, Robinson fue Cónsul Adscrito y Oficial Mayor en el consulado en Barcelona, España y Jefe de la Sección de Asuntos Políticos y Económicos en la embajada de E.U. en Tirana, Albania. También ha ocupado puestos en la República Dominicana, Bolivia, el Vaticano, El Salvador y Colombia. Además, Robinson fue Asistente Especial de la Secretaria de Estado Madeleine Albright.

Antes de unirse al servicio diplomático, Robinson se desempeñó como periodista. Se graduó de la Escuela de Servicio Exterior Edmund A. Walsh de la Universidad de Georgetown en 1985.

Ana Rosa Quintana

De acuerdo con diversas fuentes, Ana Rosa Quintana busca asumir el puesto de Asesora Especial en la Unidad de América Latina y el Caribe en la Agencia de Desarrollo Internacional de E.U. (USAID). El puesto le daría control sobre programas de cooperación en Cuba, Ecuador y Venezuela, además de una entrada al consejo inter-político de la región en la Casa Blanca.

La Lic. Quitana nació y creció en Miami y desde 2013 lidera un programa de la Fundación Heritage que estudia la política de E.U. en América Latina en el Centro Allison de Estudios de Política Exterior, donde principalmente cubre temas sobre cooperación de seguridad, gobernanza democrática y libertad económica. Quintana es autora de varias publicaciones sobre Cuba, Venezuela y Centro América y ha publicado artículos sobre América Latina en The National Interest, The Federalist, el Diario de las Américas, entre otros.

Quintana es Maestra en Estudios de Seguridad Global por Florida International University donde también obtuvo una Licenciatura en Ciencia Política. También recibió certificaciones de la misma institución sobre Seguridad Nacional, y estudios de América Latina y el Caribe.

Antes de unirse a Heritage en 2013, Quintana realizó prácticas profesionales en la Agencia de Inteligencia de Defensa, International Relief and Development, donde se desempeñó en temas legales sobre América Latina, y en la Agencia de Desarrollo Internacional de E.U. (USAID).

Mercedes “Mercy” Viana Schlapp

Originaria de Miami, FL, Viana Schlapp es la co-fundadora de Cove Strategies, una empresa de temas de gobierno y asuntos públicos basada en Alexandria, Virginia. Previamente fue Directora de Medios de Comunicación Especializados del Presidente George W. Bush, encabezando las operaciones en medios hispanos para el Presidente Bush, luego de trabajar en las campañas presidenciales de 2000 y 2004.

Fue una columnist del The Washington Times, y fue contribuidora para U.S. News and World Report. También ha escrito para FOXNews.comThe Daily Caller and The Hill sobre una variedad de temas, incluyendo inmigración, asuntos hispanos, mujeres, así como otros temas de política internacional y doméstica. También es comentarista en UnivisionTelemundoCNN en Español y la radio nacional española. Viana Schlapp se recibió de la Universidad Internacional de Florida (FIU) y tiene una Maestría de George Washington University.

John Sullivan

John Sullivan fue nombrado Subsecretario de Relaciones Exteriores en 2017 y ocupa el segundo puesto más alto en el servicio diplomático de E.U. Además de ocupar diversos puestos relacionados a temas de seguridad nacional, el Sr. Sullivan tiene experiencia trabajando en América Latina y en Cuba en particular. Mientras formó parte del despacho de ley Mayer Brown, en donde es socio, el Sr. Sullivan asesoró a una empresa privada sobre cómo establecerse en el mercado cubano después de las políticas de relaciones autorizadas durante la administración del expresidente Barack Obama.

El Sr. Sullivan ocupó puestos de alto nivel en la Secretaria de Justicia durante la administración el expresidente George H.W. Bush y también trabajo en las Secretarías de Defensa y Economía durante ese tiempo. En 2007 fue nombrado y confirmado por el senado como Subsecretario de Comercio.

El Sr. Sullivan se incorporó al equipo de Mayer Brown en 1993 y es Director Adjunto de la División de Seguridad Nacional en donde se especializa en la interacción de temas de seguridad y política exterior y comercio global. Ha asesorado a diversos clientes del sector privado, entre ellos empresas de gas y petróleo y servicios financieros, ante gobiernos internacionales y de E.U. También ha asesorado a empresas sobre los requerimientos operativos que deben cumplir por las sanciones estadounidenses impuestas sobre Rusia y apoyó a una empresa de químicos a re-establecer operaciones en Irán.

El Sr. Sullivan es graduado de la Escuela de Derecho de Columbia University (1985) y cuenta con una Licenciatura de Historia y Ciencia Política de Brown University.

Carlos Trujillo

Carlos Trujillo recientemente fue nombrado por el Senado de EU como Embajador de Estados Unidos ante la Organización de Estados Americanos. El Sr. Trujillo fue nominado al puesto por la administración de Trump el año pasado, solo unos meses después de haber sido nombrado como uno de los cuatro representantes de EU ante la Asamblea General de las Naciones Unidas. Anteriormente, el Sr. Trujillo ocupaba el puesto de director del Presupuesto de la Cámara de Diputados de Florida y había sido miembro de esa cámara desde 2010.

Trujillo apoyó la campaña presidencial de Donald Trump desde sus inicios y en 2016 organizó eventos de campaña en la zona de Miami para los entonces candidatos, Trump y Pence. A pesar de no haber sido formalmente entrevistado para el puesto de embajador ante la OEA, el Sr. Trujillo había sido anteriormente entrevistado para los puestos de embajador ante Argentina y Panamá. Durante el proceso de nominación con el Comité de Relaciones Exteriores del Senado de EU, Trujillo recibió varias preguntas de miembros Demócratas del comité sobre una
propuesta de ley anterior que fue presentada ante en el congreso de Florida y que proponía criminalizar la presencia de migrantes indocumentados en Florida que habían sido deportados anteriormente o que enfrentaban una orden de deportación en ese estado, aunque contó con apoyo del Senador de Florida Marco Rubio que es miembro del comité y del partido Republicano.

El Sr. Trujillo es socio fundador del despacho de leyes Trujillo, Vargas, González y Hevia y presidente de Carlos Trujillo, PA. Recibió su licenciatura de Spring Hill College en Mobile, Alabama y es doctor en leyes por Florida State College of Law en Tallahassee.

Krishna R. Urs

Krishna Urs fue nombrado Embajador a la República del Perú en octubre del año pasado y su candidatura fue aprobada por el senado meses antes de comenzar su asignatura. Su carrera en el servicio exterior de E.U. abarca más de 30 años y ha ocupado diversos puestos en Bolivia, la República Dominicana, Perú, Nicaragua, Bangladesh y México. De 2014 a 2017 fue Jefe Adjunto de Misión en España. Es graduado por la Universidad de Georgetown y obtuvo una Maestría en Economía en la Universidad de Texas.

Major General Ricky L. Waddell, PhD

Parece que la Casa Blanca ha nombrado el reemplazo para el Dr. Craig Deare, el efímero Director Senior de Hemisferio Occidental para el Consejo Nacional de Seguridad (NSC). Algunas fuentes confirman que el Comandante General Ricky Waddell será el próximo Director Senior de Hemisferio Occidental del NSC. Al igual que Deare, el Dr. Waddell ha trabajado en el National Defense University (NDU), ha servido en las fuerzas armadas de EEUU, y tiene un doctorado. Según su biografía en la página web de NDU, Waddell obtuvo su doctorado en relaciones internacionales en Columbia University, luego de obtener títulos de posgrado en Oxford University como Rhodes Scholar y de Webster University.

Durante su tiempo en el ejército, el Dr. Waddell llegó al nivel de comandante general. Su experiencia más reciente como un oficial en funciones fue como comandante del 76th Operation Response Command 17 October 2015. El Comando 76th incluye dos Brigadas Químicas (incluyendo 8 Batallones Químicos y 26 Compañías Químicas), un Grupo de Tareas de respuesta Química, Biológica, Radiológica  y Nuclear, 13 Elementos de Reserva del Ejército, apoyando a la mayoría de los Comandos Combatientes y Agencias del Departamento de Defensa, Oficiales de Enlace para Preparación ante Emergencias para los 50 Estados y las 10 Regiones FEMA.

Dr. Waddell tiene extensa experiencia trabajando en el hemisferio como civil. En su carrera civil, Waddell pasó 17 años trabajando en América del Sur, viviendo 12 de esos años en Sao Paulo, Brazil. Entre otras posiciones, fue Director General de BG Group, responsable de campos de gas y petróleo, gasoductos de transporte, y 2.7 millones de consumidores de servicios públicos. Su equipo descubrió más de 5 billones de barriles de petróleo. Fue CEO de Anglo Ferrous Brazil, que construyó el proyecto de minería integrada más grande del mundo. Más recientemente, como civil en el Departamento de Defensa, fue responsable de los programas de Keystone, Capstone, y Pinnacle en la National Defense University.

Nota: Una versión anterior incluía a Elliot Abrams, quien estaba siendo considerado como Subsecretario de Estado, pero ya no está bajo consideración. También se incluía a Otto Reich y Carl Meacham, pero ambos han afirmado de manera pública y privada que no están interesados en trabajar para la administración de Donald Trump. 



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